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These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Pune, which typically includes Pune's population in addition to adjacent suburban areas. Most are the taluka headquarters or its main town: The growth of the Pune metropolitan area has led to the development of new towns near the city (such as Magarpatta, Amanora and Nanded City and development further from the city in the mountains, such as Lavasa.[94]. [28][29][30] Kondadeo died in 1647, and Shivaji became his father's deputy. Between 1991 and 2001, the city grew by 40%, increasing from 1.6 million to 2.5 million. Pune district had a population of 9,429,408 in the 2011 census, roughly equal to the nation of Benin. Glushkova, Irina. CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFEdwardes_&_Garrett,_Mughal_Rule_in_India1995 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFSarkar,_History_of_Aurangzib1920 (, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFPagadi,_Shivaji1983 (. Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution (2015)", Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901, 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue, "Joshi, R., Regulatory Requirements for Starting a School in Poona. During the 1660s, the Mughals under Aurangzeb began paying attention to Shivaji. Source: Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner (web), Delimitation Commission of India (web), Rand McNally International Atlas 1994, School of Planning & Architecture (web). [78][79] In the following decades, the line was extended east and south of the city. Successful candidates receive the National Trade Certificate. [52][53] Pune grew in size and influence as Maratha rule extended through the subcontinent in subsequent decades. Vol. December 2, 2020 December 9, 2020 admin Pimpri Chinchwad Population, Population of Pimpri Chinchwad 2021, Pune District Population. Total male population in wardha is 4924105 and female population is 4505303. Linguistic minorities with more than 100,000 native speakers are Hindi (including Hindi dialects, about 690,000 people), Urdu, Kannada and Telugu. Pune District is situated in Maharashtra state. Temperatures range from 20 to 38 °C (68 to 100 °F), and may reach 40 °C (104 °F). With the establishment of Nizamshahi rule, with Ahmednagar its headquarters, nearly all of the region was controlled by the Nizamshahi. Village literacy rate is 68.3% and the Female Literacy rate is 28.6%. The caves are a complex of ancient Indian Buddhist rock-cut shrines which were developed from the second century BC to the fifth century AD; the oldest of the shrines is believed to date to 160 BC. According to archaeological discoveries of the Jorwe culture in Chandoli and Inamgaon, portions of the district have been occupied by humans since the Chalcolithic (the Copper Age, 5th–4th millennium BC). Gadgil, D.R., 1945. Ashtavinayak refers to eight historic Ganesh temples in Pune district and adjacent areas. The region was under Islamic rule from the 13th to the 17th centuries. Major stations on this route are at Loni Kalbhor and Urali Kanchan. 581-601. There were 1,530 villages in the district.[92]. Since Pune's air traffic is controlled by the Indian Air Force (IAF),[115] there is occasional conflict between the Airports Authority of India and the IAF over flight schedules or night landings. Future of Electrical Development in India. Hill stations such as Lonavla and Khandala also date back to the Raj, and remain popular with residents of Pune and Mumbai for holidays. Patil College of Engineering, Pune, Deccan College Post-Graduate and Research Institute, Institute of Management Development and Research, Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics, Modern College of Arts, Science and Commerce, Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation, Pimpri Chinchawad Muncipal Corporation, Pune, Yashwantrao Chavan Mumbai Pune Expressway, Pune Mahanagar Parivahan Mahamandal Limited, Chhatrapati Sambhaji Raje International Airport, "Pune District Population Census 2011-2019, Maharashtra literacy sex ratio and density", Edwardes & Garrett, Mughal Rule in India 1995, "Dakshina Rules of Bombay Presidency (1836-1851)", "Shaniwarwada was centre of Indian politics: Ninad Bedekar – Mumbai – DNA", "Rege, S., 1995. In 1885, Pune was a post-distribution hub for the district. Locate nearest Post Office of Pune using above list. To rally the strongest possible local support against the Mughal invaders, and stabilise the territories ruled by Ahmednagar, local Maratha chieftains were given increased power. Pune district is divided into 15 talukas (Junnar taluka, Ambegaon taluka, Khed taluka, Maval taluka, Mulshi taluka, Velhe taluka, Bhor taluka, Haveli taluka, Purandar taluka, Pimpri Chinchwad taluka, Pune City taluka, Indapur taluka, Daund taluka, Baramati taluka and Shirur taluka) and 13 panchayat samitis. "The Genesis of Maharashtra History and Culture." The I-League Pune Football Club plays in the league's First Division, and finished third in the 2009–10 season. Water for the people--promoting equity and sustainability through watershed developments in rural Maharashtra (Doctoral dissertation, Massachusetts Institute of Technology), "Nallathiga, Ramakrishna, Khyati Tewari, Anchal Saboo, and Susan Varghese. History of Police Organization in India and Indian Village Police: Being Select Chapters of the Report of the Indian Police Commission, 1902-1903. Urban population comprises 58.08% of the total population [1] There was a Christian Mission called the Poona and Indian Village Mission. Other higher-education institutions in the district include: Although the district is an industrial center, its economy also has a significant agricultural component. Temperatures usually hover around 7 to 12 °C (45 to 54 °F), sometimes dipping to 3 °C (37 °F). Total geographical area is 15643.00 Ha. The survey was conducted from June 19, 2019, to December 30, 2019, by the … Review by: Meera Kosambi Its nominal sovereignty changed with shifting allegiances of the Bhosale family. 632-637. Economics. During the 1790s, the city had a population of 600,000. His jagir was confirmed, continuing the region's connection with the Bhosale family. The child sex ratio is 883 girls to every 1,000 boys, compared to 902 girls for every 1,000 boys at the 2011 census. It is one of 14 Talukas of Pune district. [82] Tangas were a common mode of public transport well into the 1950s, and bicycles were a private vehicle choice in the 1930s. To minimize drought risk, a masonry dam was built on the Mutha River at Khadakwasla in 1878. The Daund and Indapur talukas experience more-frequent droughts than Maval, on the district's western edge. India as a whole has a young population with a median age of just 24 years. After the fall of the Ahmadnagar (Nizamshahi) Sultanate, its territory was divided between the Adilshahi and the Mughals with Pune region going to the former. As expected, the central zone is the most-dense region in the city. Shortly afterwards, the Mughal army under Aurangzeb moved into the Deccan Plateau and remained there for nearly three decades. Pune district of Maharashtra has total population of 9,429,408 as per the Census 2011. The district became politically important when the Nizamshahi capital was moved to Junnar at the beginning of the 16th century. Pune has grown by 177,729 since 2015, which represents a 2.75% annual change. In 2011, Pune had population of 9,429,408 of which male and female were 4,924,105 and 4,505,303 respectively. Five of these temples are situated in Pune district: A number of historically-important hill forts and castles in the district date back to the Deccan sultanates and Maratha Empire. State primary schools in the cities and district are run by the city corporation and Zilla Parishads, respectively; private schools are operated by charitable trusts. Gorman, M., 1971. The eighth largest metropolises in India, Pune is located in the state of Maharashtra. As per the Census India 2011, Purandhar Taluka has 51259 households, population of 235659 of which 119906 are males and 115753 are females. National and state highways crossing the district include: Bus service by private companies was introduced in Pune shortly before the independence. Pune (District) is situated in Maharashtra state of India. The district has two municipal corporations: the Pune Municipal Corporation (PMC) and Pimpri Chinchwad Municipal Corporation (PCMC). [110], Major cash crops include sugarcane and oil seeds, including groundnut and sunflower. He moved his administration to the newly built Rajgad in 1648 and a year later, when Muhammad Adil Shah of Bijapur took Shahaji hostage, restrained his expansionist schemes. Pune is a district in the state of Maharashtra, India. Pune District population is 9426959. [109], Monsoon crops include rice, jwari and bajri. [111] Most growers of cash crops (including cotton) in the district belong to agricultural cooperatives and sugar is produced in mills owned by local cooperative societies whose members of supply sugarcane to the mills. Pune City is a Tehsil / Block (CD) in the Pune District of Maharashtra. Pune and the region's forts frequently changed hands between the Mughals and Shivaji. Khandala and Lonavala are on this route, which has a number of daily high-speed trains. There are 21,51,503 houses in the district. Major dams are on the Kukadi, Pushpavati, Ghod, Bhima, Pavna, Bhama, Mula, Mutha (the Temghar and Khadakwasla Dams) and Mose.[93]. [96] The fourth-most-populous of India's 640 districts,[2] it has a population density of 603 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,560/sq mi). [106] In 2008, General Motors, Volkswagen and Fiat built plants near Pune. Varude Village Total population is 1431 and number of houses are 282. The forts and surrounding mountains are popular for trekking.[125]. The most recent census has found a worsening sex ratio in most of India's territories and states due to a preference for boys. Although Pune city has population of 3,124,458; its urban / metropolitan population is 5,057,709 of which 2,656,240 are males and 2,401,469 are females. Maharashtra State Transport buses began operating in 1951 throughout the state. Childrens below the six years of age are 5,79,681 & Child Sex ratio is 896. The Peshwas, who ruled the expanded Maratha empire, established their headquarters in the small town of Pune and developed it into a large city. Pune is a district in the Maharashtra State of India. PUNE: The Junnar forest division is set to start a census of leopards outside the protected areas in its limits to identify the scientific measures to mitigate the man-animal conflicts in the region. Pune District Court is under the High Court's administrative control. [4] Many ancient trade routes linking ports in western India (particularly those of coastal Konkan) with the Deccan Plateau pass through the district. However, Shahaji was apparently considered important enough by the Adilshah to play a key role in the new regime's administration. The Pune metropolitan area was defined in 1967 as the city, the three cantonment areas and the villages on its outskirts. Name Status District Population Census 1991-03-01 Population Census 2001-03-01 Population Census 2011-03-01 ; Alandi: Municipal Council: Pune: 10,249: 17,565: 28,645 Pune and the district have a number of post-secondary-school industrial training institutes (ITI) run by the government and private trusts which offer vocational training in trades such as construction, plumbing, welding and automobile repair. The district's population was 9,429,408 in the 2011 census, Makes it the fourth-most-populous district amongst India's 640 districts. [2] This district has an urban population of 58.08 percent of its total. [80] The metre-gauge Pune-Miraj line was completed in 1886, making the city a rail junction. Each of these temples have its own individual legend and history. [59] Although the kotwal's salary was as high as 9,000 rupees per month, it included officer salaries (mainly from the Ramoshi caste). List of dams and reservoirs in Maharashtra, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations, Maharashtra State Board of Secondary and Higher Secondary Education, Dr. D.Y. Some of these villages, such as Kothrud, Katraj, Hadapsar, Hinjawadi and Baner, have become suburbs of Pune. Pune is located on the Mutha river and it was once the power center of the Maratha Empire. The plates call the region "Puny Vishaya" and "Punaka Vishaya", respectively. Pune Metropolitan region has a total population of 7.38 million consists of industrial twin Pimpri-Chinchwad as well as the three cantonment towns of Pune, Khadki and Dehu Road Population of Pune in 2015 According to recent estimated, Population of Pune in 2015 was estimated to be 5,743,865 … Sambhaji was captured and executed, at Aurangzeb's order, in the village of Tulapur at the confluence of the Bheema and Indrayani Rivers. Most of the private colleges were founded after the Maharashtra state government of Chief Minister Vasantdada Patil liberalised the education sector in 1982. As per 2011 Census, the population of Pune Metropolitan Region was 50,57,709 (50.57 lakhs). Nanasaheb also developed new commercial, trading, and residential localities: Sadashiv Peth, Narayan Peth, Rasta Peth and Nana Peth. The disturbances involved peasants getting the moneylenders to burn their documents and, in some cases, torching their houses.[91]. Like many cities in India, there is a larger share of men than women. [70] Ambemohar, a mango-scented rice grown in Bhor taluka and areas near the Western Ghats, is popular throughout Maharashtra. The eastern part of the district has been historically drought-prone, but irrigation provided by dams, canals and wells have made agriculture less dependent on rainfall. Pune District population constituted 8.39 percent of total Maharashtra population. During the 1960s, motorized three-wheeled auto rickshaws began replacing horse-drawn tangas in the district's urban areas; their number grew from 200 in 1960 to over 20,000 in 1996. [83], The British installed a telegraph system in Pune in 1858. 2008. [112] During the last fifty years, the local sugar mills have played an important role in encouraging political participation and have been a stepping stone for aspiring politicians.[113]. Economic and Political Weekly Pune is one of the fastest-growing cities in the Asian-Pacific and this has been true for some time. There are 108 villages and 3 towns in Purandhar Taluka. [107] goes timely towards Baner, Magarpatta (in hadapsar), EON IT Park Kharadi and viman nagar. "6 Object of worship as a free choice." Pune is also considered an educational hub of the state of Maharashtra with students coming from all over India and beyond to attend the numerous colleges and institutes. Geography and Climate Pune District It is Located at Latitude-18.5, Longitude-73.8. It also has a large automotive industry and it's the headquarters for the Automotive Research Association of India. [98] Instruction is primarily in Marathi, English or Hindi, although Urdu is also used. [114], Pune Airport (IATA: PNQ) is a civil enclave at Lohegaon Air Base, northeast of the city, with service to a number of domestic and international destinations. At Ahmednagar, the Sultan bore the brunt of a heavy attack from Mughal armies who converged on the capital in 1595. The population of children between age 0-6 is 1104959 which is 11.72% of total population. The Khalji were followed by another sultanate dynasty, the Tughlaqs. The city and district became part of the British Raj in the 19th century. Pune's first bus service began in 1941 with the Silver Bus Company, and Tanga (horse-drawn carriage) drivers went on strike in protest. [104] Telco (now Tata Motors) began operations in 1961, boosting the automotive sector. The population of children between age 0-6 is 25037 which is 10.62% of total population. [61], The patronage of the Brahmin Peshwas resulted in Pune's expansion, with the construction of about 250 temples and bridges (including the Lakdi Pul and the temples on Parvati Hill). District name: Pune Total population: 9429408 House Holds: 2151503. Poona a socio-economic survey part I. Pune District Population Maharashtra Pimpri Chincwad Population 2020 . It was formed into a district (or sarkar), with sub-divisions (paragana) and smaller ranges (prant or desh). "Water Quality Assessment of Katraj Lake, Pune (Maharashtra, India): A Case Study." Pune has an estimated population of 3.99 million. Samadhis of the two most revered Marathi Bhakti saints (Dnyaneshwar and Tukaram) are in Alandi and Dehu, respectively. [98] The city is home to Savitribai Phule Pune University, and many of its affiliated colleges.The district has a number of central government run educational and training institutes, including the National Defence Academy, the Armed Forces Medical College and the Film and Television Institute of India. [103] The area around Bhosari was set aside for industrial development by the newly created Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation (MIDC) in the early 1960s, and the corporation provided business infrastructure. The district has 1,866 villages and 21 Vidhan Sabha constituencies: Junnar, Ambegaon, Khed-Alandi, Maval, Mulshi, Haveli, Bopodi, Shivajinagar, Parvati (SC), Kasba Peth, Bhvani Peth, Pune Cantonment, Shirur, Daund, Indapur, Baramati, Purandhar and Bhor. Although the region around Pune is industrialized, agriculture continues to be important elsewhere in the district. Literacy Rate The overall literacy rate of Pune city is 92.72 % as on 2016 which is far better than rest part of country. A rail line from Bombay, operated by the Great Indian Peninsula Railway (GIPR), reached Pune in 1858. [3] It is one of the most industrialized districts in India. [41] In the Treaty of Purandar (1665), signed by the Mughal general Mirza Jaisingh and Many Peshwas and their courtiers were patrons of lavani and Maharashtrian dance, and a number of composers (such as Ram Joshi, Anant Phandi, Prabhakar and Honaji Bala) flourished during this period. Five trains operate on the Pune Junction-Talegaon route, and 18 trains operate on the Pune Junction-Lonavla route. In the most recent census on 2011, the total population of the district was 9,426,959, making it the fourth most populous district in India (out of 640). I. Cf. During the 17th century, the Marathas under Shivaji laid the foundation for an independent kingdom. The Poona electric-supply company, a Tata company, received power from the Khopoli (on the Mumbai side of the Ghats) and Bhivpuri plants near the Mulshi dam. According to the 2001 census, about 80 percent of the district's population speaks Marathi. The kotwal was assisted by police officers who manned the chavdi (police station), and clerks collected fines and paid informants who provided intelligence. Pune district has been at the center of Maharashtraian and Marathi history for more than four hundred years, beginning with the Deccan sultanates and followed by the Maratha Empire. View all Cities in Pune District View all Villages in Pune District. An 1804 military road constructed by the British East India Company reduced the journey to four or five days. [39], Shivaji began his rule in 1648 of the Pune region, taking possession of the key Torna Fort and controlling the Chakan and Purandar forts and raiding Junnar. Bulletin of the Deccan College Research Institute 43 (1984): 17-36. sfn error: no target: CITEREFSarkar,_Shivaji_and_His_Times1920 (. The Pataleshwar rock-cut temple complex was built during this time, and the area included Theur, Uruli, Chorachi Alandi, and Bhosari. The sport of pole gymnastics(mallakhamba) was developed in Pune under his patronage by Balambhat Deodhar. Pune district forms a part of the tropical monsoon land and therefore shows a significant seasonal variation in temperature as well as rainfall conditions. Shahaji appointed Dadoji Konddeo administrator of the Pune jagir (which was restored to him after he joined the Adilshahi service in 1637), and was based in Bengaluru as the Adilshah commander. Rath, Jayanti. The city is also known for its Marathi-speaking Jewish population and renowned Ohel David Synagogue. The system has two routes: from Pune Junction to Lonavala and to Talegaon. It is 2 nd Largest District in the State by population. The Pune Municipal Corporation has found that about 40% of the city's population was living in slums in 2011. a worsening sex ratio in most of India's territories and states. [62] Many temples like Maruti, Vithoba, Vishnu, Mahadeo, Rama, Krishna and Ganesha temples were built during this era. In 1632, Shahaji forsook the Mughals and accepted the friendship of the Adilshahi rulers of Bijapur (the traditional rivals of Ahmadnagar Sultanate). The Dakshina festival, celebrated in the Hindu month of Shravan (when millions of rupees were distributed), attracted Brahmins from throughout India to Pune. Get detailed info of Pune District with respective state, town, stations etc on RailYatri. The 1993 National Games were held in Pune, and the new Sports City hosted the Commonwealth Youth Games in 2008. Current Science, 3(12), pp. In the most recent census on 2011, the total population of the district was 9,426,959, making it the fourth most populous district in India (out of 640). Although express trains on these routes skip many smaller stations, local "passenger trains" stop at each station. He was succeeded on the Marathi throne by his eldest son, Sambhaji, in 1680. Also the Pune district has 92.72 % of literacy rate. The Commonwealth Youth Games were held the following year, which encouraged additional development in north-western Pune and added a fleet of buses running on compressed natural gas (CNG) to the city's streets. Pune City has a population of 33,04,888 peoples. [19][20][21][22] Shivaji was named after a local deity, the goddess Shivai. [15] During the early 1600s, the Nizam Shahi general Malik Ambar moved his capital there.[16]. Revenue collection was delegated to important chieftains who were henchmen of the Nizamshahi. [84] According to the 1885 Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency: Poona, the city and the GIPR had telegraph offices. Bhigwan, a catchment area of the Ujjani Dam, is about from Pune on NH-65, the Pune-Solapur highway. Shahaji refused to surrender Junnar (the seat of the Nizamshahi dynasty) before he finally capitulated. Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient/Journal de l'histoire economique et sociale de l'Orient (1965): 316-322. Shahu appointed Baji Rao I Peshwa in 1720, succeeding his father. Smaller towns in the district have Nagar Palikas (municipal councils). The area adjacent to the Western Ghats gets more rain than areas further east. Secondary schools are also run by charitable trusts. Visit our website for more details. Male population was 26,56,240 & female was 24,01,469. Technology and Culture, 12(4), pp. "Evolution of Satellite township development in Pune: A Case Study." Explanation: Districts, cities and towns in the boundaries of 2011. Shivaji's grandson, Shahu I, appointed the Chitpavan Brahmin Balaji Vishwanath as his Peshwa in 1714. The rest of the Peshwa era was rife with family intrigue and political machinations. Total area of Pune City is 286 km² including 10.02 km² rural area and 276.40 km² urban area. Centre for Civil Society, CCS RESEARCH INTERNSHIP PAPERS 2004", "Economic Times: Despite private participation Education lacks quality in Maharashtra", "Pimpri-Chinchwad industrial belt: Placing Pune at the front", "Consumers pay premium price for the look alike of the regional rice varieties", "National Federation of Cooperative Sugar Factories Limited", "Sugar cooperatives on death bed in Maharashtra", "Pune airport accorded international status", "Passenger traffic at Pune airport takes a big leap", "Reliance plans Baramati hub for pvt jets", "Time table of five new trains from city announced - Times of India", Pune Mahanagar Parivahan Mahamandal Limited (PMPML), Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Pune, 2009 FIVB Volleyball Men's U21 World Championship, 2009 FIBA Asia Under-16 Championship for Women, 2009 NECC–ITF Women's Tennis Championships, Pune District Football Association Stadium, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pune_district&oldid=996139826, Articles with dead external links from May 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with bad settlement type, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Articles needing additional references from July 2018, All articles needing additional references, Articles needing additional references from July 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, College of Agriculture Pune (COAP) - Affiliated with, Shri Shau Mandir Mahavidyalaya[commerce, engineering, agriculture and arts], Daund-Baramati branch line (single-track), Pune-Miraj (single-track from Pune to Miraj, towards, This page was last edited on 24 December 2020, at 19:45. At the time, the dam was considered one of the world's largest. [27][57] Pune prospered during Nanasaheb's reign. Amongst the chieftains was Maloji, who was made a raja in 1595; the districts of Pune and Supa were given to him as a jagir (fief). Boundries Ahmadnagar district on north-east,Solapur district on the south-east, Satara district on south, Raigad district on the west and Thane district on the northe-west. The district's population was 9,426,959 in the 2011 census, the fourth-most-populous of India's 640 districts. Contributions to Indian Sociology, 29(1), pp.25-37", "LAVANI LITERATURE AS A SOURCE OF SOCIO-CULTURAL HISTORY OF MEDIEVAL MAHARASHTRA", "The Indian empire : its history, topography, government, finance, commerce, and staple products : with a full account of the mutiny of the native troops ...", "Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency: Poona (2 pts.

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