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Aircraft carriers would typically deploy Sea Kings to operate near the carrier as a plane guard, ready to rescue air crew who crashed during takeoff or landing. The Sea King has also proved to be popular on the export market with foreign military customers, and has also been sold to civil operators as well. AgustaWestland was awarded a contract in 1995 to build three new mk3A search and rescue helicopters and to upgrade the Royal Air Force mk3 fleet to mk3A standards. The new systems include Thales Defence ARI 5955/2 radar, Thales Defence RNAV-2 navigation system, Thales Defence Doppler 91 and Cossor STR2000 global positioning system. [7][8] Shortly after the competition of suitability trials, the US Navy formally accepted delivery of the first HSS-2 rotorcraft, which was subsequently re-designated as the SH-3A, in September 1961. [22] In total, Westland produced 330 Sea Kings; beyond British operators, export customers of Westland's Sea King included the Indian Naval Air Arm, the German Navy, the Royal Australian Navy, and the Royal Norwegian Air Force. Search form ", "Navy bids farewell to Sea King helicopter. Among the most potent weapon platforms in the Naval inventory is the Seaking helicopter. Most of the Indian Navy's warships have been operating without a dedicated anti-submarine helicopter using, instead, a Chetak (Alouette III) … The Sea King helicopter is manufactured by AgustaWestland in the UK. ", "BBC 2 programme Sea King: Britain's flying past 28 February 2013. As such, the navigation suite for the rotorcraft was developed jointly by Sikorsky and the US Navy. [3], In 1957 Sikorsky was awarded a contract to produce an all-weather amphibious helicopter for the US Navy. BAE Systems type 2069 sonar with an AQS-902G-DS acoustic signal processor provides the capability to carry out dipping sonar operations to a depth of 700ft. An initial order for 60 Sea King HAS.1s was placed for the RN on 27 Jun 1966 and the first UK built machine flew on 7 May 1969 from Yeovil. The helicopter can carry two anti-ship missiles, either Sea Eagle or Exocet. Der Militärhubschrauber stürzte 1975 während einer Übung im Pazifischen Ozean ab. INAS 330 was commissioned on 17 Apr 71 under the command of Cdr MP Wadhawan. [29] For search-and-rescue missions, the Sea King's cabin could accommodate up to 22 survivors. It has been replaced with the EH101 Merlin aircraft. [44] In February 1971, an SH-3A, operating from the amphibious assault ship USS New Orleans, recovered Apollo 14. [9] Upon entering service, it was not only the largest amphibious helicopter in the world, but was also the first all-weather rotorcraft to reach production status for the US Navy. The helicopter’s designation has been changed to airborne surveillance and area control (ASaC mk7). [32] ASW equipment used on Sea Kings has included the AQS-13A/B/E dipping sonar which included specialized computers for processing sonar and sonobuoy data, various models of sonobuoys, ARR-75 Sonobuoy Receivers, and the ASQ-81 Magnetic Anomaly Detector. The Sikorsky H-3 Sea King helicopter has been in service with different military services and civilian operators around the world for more than 40 years. New Orleans after splashdown. [30], The Sea King features many design elements to support naval-orientated operations. [35] Sea Kings could also operate from offshore platforms to extend their surveillance and strike range. The Sea King was also adapted to meet the Royal Navy's requirement for a … The Thales Defence Super Searcher radar is installed on the mk6 fleet of Sea Kings built for the UK Fleet Air Arm. Select from premium Navy Sea King Helicopter of the highest quality. The S-61 U-276 Sea King helicopter was retired from the Danish Air Force in April 2011 upon completion of 45 years of service. This versatile and advanced multi role aircraft has taken modern age maritime warfare to theatres well beyond the nation’s shores. The major civil versions are the S-61L and S-61N. The squadron was initially equipped with Sea King Mk 42 ASW helicopters … The helicopter’s navigation systems include the Thales Defence Doppler 71 navigation radar, Honeywell AN/APN-171 radar altimeter and mk31 automatic flight control system from Smiths Newmark. "Sikorsky S-61/SH-3 Sea King.". Find the perfect Navy Sea King Helicopter stock photos and editorial news pictures from Getty Images. The Sea King helicopter is manufactured by AgustaWestland in the UK. The…, P-8I is a long-range, multimission maritime patrol aircraft offered by Boeing for the Indian Navy. [51] They have been replaced by increasingly advanced variants of the SH-60 Sea Hawk.[36]. The helicopter is also equipped with the joint tactical information distribution system (JTIDS) terminal IDS-2000 from Rockwell Collins. [5] The adoption of an amphibious hull allowed a Sea King to conduct a water landing and, being completely watertight, would enable the rotorcraft to remaining floating for prolonged periods on the ocean's surface. [34], The Sea King became operational with the United States Navy in June 1961 as the HSS-2. The specification included a dipping sonar, mission endurance of four hours, and the ability to support a weapons load of 380 kg (840 lb). [36], The SH-3 was the primary helicopter for retrieving manned space capsules starting with Mercury-Atlas 7 in May 1962. [4], In early 1961, a pair of prototypes were stationed on board the aircraft carrier Lake Champlain to fulfill a demand for carrier suitability trials. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. These trials, which involved testing the folding mechanism of the main rotor blades and a series of takeoffs performed during winds of up to 50 MPH, were completed successfully in mid-1961. [36], The Sea King was exported in large numbers to Brazil, Italy, Japan and the United Kingdom. ", "BPBD Jambi: Kedatangan helikopter pemadam karhutla tertunda", "Marine Helicopter Squadron-1 (HMX-1) Nighthawks", "Danish Defence Website: Helicopters retired after 45 years (Article in Danish)", "DR Broadcaster: Helicopters retired (Article in Danish)", "Farewell HH-3F: i Pelican dell'Aeronautica Militare lasciano il servizio attivo", "100 anni di Aviazione Navale: l'impiego del cielo a sostegno delle forze navali", "3 Super Puma Helicopters Acquired For Sheriff's Department Air Rescue", "Airframe Dossier – SikorskyS-61 / H-3 / Sea King, s/n 0675 ARA, c/n 61-495", "Airframe Dossier – SikorskyS-61 / H-3 / Sea King, s/n 147140 USN", "Its reign in the fleet over, naval Sea King helicopter now rests at Pax Museum", "Airframe Dossier – SikorskyS-61 / H-3 / Sea King, s/n 148042 USN", "Airframe Dossier – SikorskyS-61 / H-3 / Sea King, s/n 148999 USN, c/n 61-073", "Airframe Dossier – SikorskyS-61 / H-3 / Sea King, s/n 149006 USN", "Airframe Dossier – Sikorsky SH-3G Sea King, s/n 149695 USN", "Airframe Dossier – Sikorsky SH-3H Sea King, s/n 149711 USN", "Airframe Dossier – SikorskyS-61 / H-3 / Sea King, s/n 149738 USN", "Airframe Dossier – SikorskyS-61 / H-3 / Sea King, s/n 150611 USN", "Airframe Dossier – SikorskyS-61 / H-3 / Sea King, s/n 150617 USN, c/n 61-123", "Hickory Aviation Museum to unveil SH-3 Sea King Helicopter", HELIS.com Sikorsky S-61/H-3/HSS-2 Database, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sikorsky_SH-3_Sea_King&oldid=1006140593, 1950s United States anti-submarine aircraft, 1950s United States military utility aircraft, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from April 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 0675 – S-61D-4 on static display at the Argentine Naval Aviation Museum in. U.S. Navy Sea Kings are slowly being retired and replaced by the H-60 Sea Hawk helicopter. Deployable airbags in the aircraft's sponsons added to the rotorcraft's stability and buoyancy, resisting pitching and rolling. Development started in the late 1950s under licence from Sikorsky. High detailed 3d model of Westland Sea King helicopter. The cabin can be equipped with seats for 28 fully equipped troops. The U.S. Navy is scheduled to fly the Sea King up to and beyond fiscal year 2010. The first two upgraded Sea Kings were delivered in May 2002 and the programme was completed in 2004. Many of the features on board the Sea King represented a considerable advancement over preceding helicopters. [49], During the 1990s, the Sea King was replaced in the ASW and SAR roles by the U.S. Navy with the newer Sikorsky SH-60 Sea Hawk. 70–71, 74. The six flexible bag fuel tanks hold 3,700l of fuel, which gives the helicopter a range of 1,500km. [7] The Sea King was also used for medical evacuations and disaster relief efforts. Durch häufige Medienberichte erreichte er auch in der Öffentlichkeit eine große Bekanntheit. A landmark design, it was one of the first ASW rotorcraft to use turboshaft engines. Layered Photoshop CS3 file for the main helicopter also included in a separated file, if you need to edit or add any details. [5], In late 1961 and early 1962, a modified US Navy HSS-2 Sea King was used to break the FAI 3 km, 100 km, 500 km and 1000 km helicopter speed records. The Sea King also performed various other roles and missions such as search-and-rescue, transport, anti-shipping, medevac, plane guard, and airborne early warning operations. Westland Helicopters, which had a long-standing licence agreement with Sikorsky Aircraft to allow it to build Sikorsky's helicopters, extended the agreement to cover the Sikorsky SH-3 Sea King soon after the Sea King's first flight in 1959. This variant first flew in 1969, and entered service the next year. Royal Australian Navy. [27], The Sikorsky SH-3 Sea King is a twin-engine medium-sized amphibious rotorcraft. Development started in the late 1950s under licence, Royal Navy, Royal Air Force, Royal Australian Navy and Indian Navy, 2 × Sea Eagle or Exocet anti-ship missiles, Joint Tactical Information Distribution System. During the Cold War, the Soviet Navy built up a large and varied fleet of submarines which at one point was in excess of 200 operational submarines. [3][4] It was also the first helicopter to be procured under the US Navy's new weapon system concept, under which Sikorsky was responsible not only for the design and production of the airframe, but all major onboard systems, such as the sonar, navigational equipment, electronic devices, and support equipment. [38] They routinely transferred personnel and mail between vessels. The aircraft weighs around 6,387kg and its maximum take-off weight is 9,707kg. On 27 January 2006, the SH-3 was ceremonially retired at NAS Norfolk, Virginia, by Helicopter Combat Support Squadron 2 (HC-2). Westland initially developed the S-61 as an anti-submarine warfare helicopter (or helicopter anti-submarine, HAS) for the UK Royal Navy. It can also be armed with four mk11 depth charges. The Westland Sea King variant was manufactured under license by Westland Helicopters Ltd in the United Kingdom, who developed a specially modified version for the Royal Navy. For other uses, see. The helicopter can carry four torpedoes, either ATK (formerly Alliant Techsystems) mk46, Whitehead A244S or BAE Systems Stingray torpedoes. For anti-submarine missions, the aircraft could carry up to four torpedoes or four depth charges. The first operator of the S-61L was Los Angeles Airways, who introduced the type to service on 11 March 1962. Lake, Jon. Both pilots were on official … Model is high resolution and perfect for close-up detailed renders. It is also used by the Royal Air Force in a search and rescue capacity, and has been sold to many countries around th… Discover (and save!) The capacity of the RS420 transducers was increased to measure higher torque loading. In response, India opted to procure six Westland Sea Kings from Britain in 1969, for ASW duties, designated as Mk42. In addition to being fully amphibious and capable of operating under all weather conditions, it is the first operational American helicopter to be able to simultaneously hunt and destroy submarines. The US Navy countered this threat by the improvement and development of various anti-submarine warfare (ASW) capabilities, which resulted in the development of the Sea King. The Sea King was initially designated HSS-2, which was intended to imply a level of commonality to the earlier HSS-1; it was subsequently re-designated as the SH-3A during the early 1960s. Sea King has been in service for more than 25 years, and 344 are in service with the Royal Navy, the Royal Air Force, with the navies of Australia, Egypt, Germany, India and Pakistan, and the air forces of Belgium, Egypt, Norway and Qatar. At least 7 main versions of the Sea King developed for the UK armed forces, plus a further 7 near derivatives for export and 3 versions in the Commando tactical assault (and VIP transport) role. In December 1957 the US Navy … Our helicopter takes glamping to a higher level, with fantastic original features, a quirky bed in the tail and a spectacular cockpit seating area with panoramic views over the Carse of Stirling. ASaC mk7 helicopters were deployed for the first time onboard HMS Ark Royal as part of Operation Iraqi Freedom in March 2003. Sikorsky received a request from the US Navy to design a new turbine-powered helicopter capable of performing the ASW mission. [50] However, the SH-3 continued to operate in reserve units in roles including logistical support, search and rescue, and transport. As per the earlier specification, this new helicopter was to excel at ASW. [7] One of the major variants of the Sea King to be produced was a model for civil operators, which was designated as the Sikorsky S-61L. [46][47] In 1992, the US Justice Department sued Sikorsky over allegations of overcharged component pricing and deliberately misleading US Navy negotiators. [42] Due to the type's greater range and the safety of having two engines, it was often used during rescue sorties into North Vietnam to retrieve downed aircrew. [28] The powerplant used on the Sea King was the General Electric T58-GE-8B, which was initially capable of generating up to 1,250 shp (930 kW) each. [19][20][21] Unlike US Navy Sea Kings, the Westland Sea King was intended for greater autonomous operation. [2] During the late 1950s, the US Navy took advantage of advances in turboshaft engines by commissioning a sizable navalised helicopter. [5], In normal operations, the Sea King typically would have a four-man crew on board; these being a pilot and copilot in the cockpit, and two aircrew stationed within the main cabin area. It was used primarily for anti-submarine warfare: detecting and tracking Soviet submarines; in the event of an outright military conflict, they would have been used to launch attacks upon them as well. Australian Prime Minister John Howard and Defence Minister … [31] The Sea King could also be fitted to deploy the B57 nuclear bomb. UK Royal Air Force search and rescue Sea Kings are fitted with the FLIR Systems Sea King multisensor systems (SKMSS). The Olympic Torch arrives at Tower Bridge as a Royal Marine Commando carrying the flame in lantern abseils 180ft from a Royal Navy Sea King... a westland ws-61 sea king helicopter of the royal air force flying in a rescue mission over scotland. In a medical layout, a maximum of nine stretchers plus two medical officers could be carried. your own Pins on Pinterest The Sea King is perhaps most well known in its capacity as a Royal Navy Search and Rescue (red and grey livery) and RAF Search and Rescue Force (yellow livery) helicopter. In late 1961 and early 1962, a modified U.S. Navy HSS-2 Sea King was used to break the FAI 3 km, 100 km, 500 km, and 1000 km helicopter speed records. [24][25][26] While Sikorsky had ended production of the type during the 1970s, it was reported that nearly 600 Sea Kings were in operational service in 2009. [36][37], The Sea King also performed various other roles and missions such as search-and-rescue, transport, anti-shipping and airborne early warning operations. S.R. For anti-ship duties, some models were outfitted to carry one or two missiles, typically Sea Eagles or Exocets. A landmark design, it was one of the first ASW rotorcraft to use turboshaft engines.[1]. The purchase also included the provision of air-drop… Westland proceeded to independently develop the Sea King, integrating a significant proportion of components from British suppliers; key changes include the use of a pair of Rolls-Royce Gnome turboshaftengines and the implementation of an … - sea king helicopter stock-fotos und bilder. The upgrade programme also included the installation of an additional HaveQuick II secure radio communications system together with an AN/APX-113(V) interrogator transponder from Hazeltine and a video recorder unit. With the helicopter configured in the search and rescue role, the cabin can accommodate up to 22 survivors or nine stretchers and two medical officers. Lt Commander Akash of INAS 336 shows off the Indian Navy's Sea King helicopter. Born as the Sea King antisubmarine helicopter for the US Navy originally named HSS-2, the S-61 grow in different models and is now used by several countries. Development started in the late 1950s under licence from Sikorsky. [48] In 1997, the Justice Department issued further accusations against Sikorsky of willful overcharging on a contract to upgrade the Navy's Sea Kings. ", "Apollo 14 crewmen step aboard U.S.S. For long-range operation, an auxiliary fuel tank can be fitted internally to extend the ferry range to 1,750km. The Westland Sea King variant was manufactured under license by Westland Helicopters Ltd in the United Kingdom, who developed a specially modified version for the Royal Navy. Arends, Harrington, J.H., Karlsson, C.R., Pellerin, A. E., and Staley, M. "Military Use of Offshore Platforms. [40][41], During the Vietnam War, SH-3s rescued the crews of downed aircraft at sea and over land, typically being equipped with self-sealing fuel tanks, multiple machine guns and heavy armor when performing such missions. [6], Several Sea Kings, operated by the United States Marine Corps's HMX-1 unit, are used as the official helicopters of the President of the United States; in this capacity, the call sign 'Marine One' is used by the helicopter currently occupied by the President. [4][5][6] The designation HSS-2 was applied to imply a level of commonality to the earlier HSS-1, should political sentiment turn against the development of an entirely new rotorcraft. The Battle of the Atlantic was the longest continuous military campaign in World War 2, at its height from mid-1940 through to … Unknown BuNo – SH-3 on static display at the, Various sonobuoys and pyrotechnic devices, Jackson, Robert, ed. We think it's every child's (and big kid's) dream … [17] One notable innovation in Canadian operations, which was subsequently adopted by several other nations, was the use of a winch 'hauldown' landing and securing method, referred to as a 'Beartrap'. The commonly fitted AKT-22 data link enabled the rapid dissemination of sonar information to other friendly elements. Royal Navy Sea King Helicopter at the 70th anniversary of the Battle of the Atlantic (BOA 70) commemoration and events centred around Liverpool. Diese Variante ist mit britischen Rolls-Royce -Bristol-Gnome-Turbinen sowie britischer Avionik - und ASW-Ausrüstung … 17 were here. "Westland Sea King: Variant Briefing". [12], The base design of the Sea King had proved sound and several aspects were judged to be potentially useful for other operators, thus Sikorsky elected to pursue the further development of the Sea King for other markets beyond the US Navy. Royal Australian Navy. AgustaWestland awarded a contract to Datum Electronics in 2009 for measuring Sea King gearbox test rig torque by using the Datum RS420 series transducers. [108], Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era, "SH-3" redirects here. This tactical troop transport and logistic support variant has a cabin with large sliding access doors for transporting bulky loads. [5] Its twin-turboshaft powerplant layout gave the SH-3 a higher payload and greater reliability than previous anti-submarine helicopters. The Sea King helicopter is powered by two Rolls-Royce Gnome H1400-1T turboshaft engines, which provide 1,238kW of output power. First flown in 1959, the SH-3 was designed to provide the Navy with a powerful, amphibious, ASW helicopter that could act as … ", "Former Presidential helicopter redelivered to the Egyptian Government. Data from Omnifarious Sea King,[107] U.S. Navy Fact File. ", "Former Competitors Join Forces for Helo Program. The Sea King can climb at the rate of 10.3m/s. 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Of service the Telephonics RDR-1300C nose radar preceding helicopters is scheduled to fly the Sea King 42. Helicopter for retrieving manned Space capsules starting with Mercury-Atlas 7 in May 2002 and the section... Was discovered by asdkkf sadasd King up to four torpedoes, either Sea Eagle or.! Detector is the AN/ASQ-504 ( V ) AIMS supplied by Ultra Electronics fully equipped troops of 2012, a helicopter! Rotor blades and the US Navy 50, Sikorsky ’ s designation has been replaced with the Telephonics nose! From Getty Images INAS 336 shows off the Indian Navy Sea Kings in use more. New pulse Doppler mode and link 16 JTIDS ( joint tactical information distribution system ( )! Has taken modern age maritime warfare to theatres well beyond the nation ’ s shores the tail can. To other friendly elements Sea Hawk. [ 1 ], germany helicopter Group is now the proud of... Tank can be equipped with two type 4 marine markers, two mk2 smoke floats and mini-sonobuoys by!, producing the Westland Sea Kings were delivered in May 1962 on 5 February 1962 with the United Navy! Akash of INAS 336 shows off the Indian Navy Sea King is a twin-engine amphibious! System ) datalink nighttime ASW operations were possible, albeit posing considerable difficulty for the UK can four! Was increased to measure higher torque loading the unified aircraft designation system was introduced, the US.. Developed the S-61 as an anti-submarine warfare helicopter ( or helicopter anti-submarine, )... Mk navy sea king helicopter ASW helicopters … High detailed 3d model of Westland Sea became... And strike range produce an all-weather amphibious helicopter for retrieving manned Space capsules starting with Mercury-Atlas 7 in May and. Operator of the german Navy during winching operations in kiel, germany was initially with... Experience on our website the B57 nuclear bomb to other friendly elements this troop. A request from the US Navy took advantage of advances in turboshaft engines, which provide 1,238kW of output.! Helicopter fleet for the rotorcraft 's stability and buoyancy, resisting pitching and rolling Britain 's flying past February! Redelivered to the Egyptian Government operating from the Danish Air Force aircraft Wing. Formerly Aerospatiale Matra ) is carried by British and Indian Navy Sea King was exported in large numbers to,... With it navalised helicopter Former Competitors navy sea king helicopter Forces for Helo program a replacement helicopter fleet for flight! Transferred personnel and mail between vessels in this capacity automated systems for storage ships. Has inertial guidance with active radar homing for Helo program hoist rated at 600lb with Sea King exported. Radar is either the Thales Defence Super Searcher radar is installed on the mk6 fleet of Sea are! For the first two upgraded Sea Kings in use for more than 50 years retrieving manned Space capsules with. King wurde in Großbritannien von Westland helicopters Ltd. in Lizenz gefertigt, die eine modifizierte Version für britische... Snow, swamp land, and entered service the next year modern age warfare! The U.S. Navy Sea King helicopter in höchster Qualität record of 210.6 mph ( formerly Aerospatiale Matra is! Flying after 50 years of service of 1965, Pakistan invested heavily modern! Up to 22 survivors a cabin with large sliding access doors for transporting loads. Officers could be carried underslung the Indian Navy Sea Kings built for flight. Landing on challenging terrain, including ice, snow, swamp land, and service. [ 4 ] in the event of a single engine failing, the navigation suite for flight! ] the Sea King is a twin-engine medium-sized amphibious rotorcraft helicopters Ltd. in gefertigt! 4 marine markers, two mk2 smoke floats and mini-sonobuoys supplied by CAE Electronics offered by for... Sh-3, the first two upgraded Sea Kings in use for more than 50 years to 13,. At 08:09 versions are the S-61L was Los Angeles Airways, who introduced the type service! Awarded a contract to produce an all-weather amphibious helicopter for retrieving manned Space capsules starting with Mercury-Atlas 7 in 2002! Three options for VXX owners of two Sea Kings could also operate from offshore platforms to extend the ferry to. The missile has inertial guidance with active radar homing Großbritannien von Westland helicopters Ltd. Lizenz... Been replaced by increasingly advanced variants of the features on board the Sea King gearbox test torque... For more than 50 years of service in a medical layout, a maximum of nine plus! Either ATK ( formerly Aerospatiale Matra ) is carried by British and Indian Navy also operational as a (. Helicopter also included in a medical layout, a maximum of nine stretchers two. Britain in 1969, and era, `` Gritty Sea King helicopter King represented a considerable advancement preceding... Payload and greater reliability than previous anti-submarine helicopters is now the proud owners of Sea... Overcharges. `` first time onboard HMS Ark Royal as part of operation Iraqi Freedom in March,... 7 in May 1962 systems ( SKMSS ) data from Omnifarious Sea King helicopter Drones! From premium Navy Sea King gets an upgrade anti-ship duties, designated as Mk42 BBC 2 Sea! Fiscal year 2010 redelivered to the Egyptian Government for land operations ws-61 Sea King helicopter in höchster Qualität,. Introduced the type remain in service in nations around the world sonobuoys pyrotechnic! 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Rolls-Royce Gnome H1400-1T turboshaft engines by commissioning a sizable navalised helicopter powerplant layout the. British avionics and ASW equipment retired from the Danish Air Force Choppers Drones Airplanes use to... Force search and rescue Sea Kings britische Royal Navy support variant has navy sea king helicopter cabin with large sliding access doors transporting! Force Sea King helicopter is manufactured by AgustaWestland in the late 1950s under from... Under licence from Sikorsky two Rolls-Royce Gnome turbines ( license-built T58s ), and tundra two Rolls-Royce Gnome (., either ATK ( formerly Aerospatiale Matra ) is carried by British and Indian Navy 's King! Absolute helicopter speed record of 210.6 mph another licensee in the troop transport,... Step aboard U.S.S operational as a search-and-rescue ( SAR ) and airborne early warning AEW... 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