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Use graphic organizers to assist students with organizing Other common accommodations to use when teaching languages to students with learning disabilities: having the test read aloud, allowing extra time for tasks and tests, don’t deduct … For more information on universal design, access the website of 2. Be aware of student needs and provide the accommodations Kagan, S. (1994). Baltimore: Paul H. Brookes. Teach learning strategies along with content material. as they are learning new material and withdraw them when they are Plan for transition times (between subjects or tasks, before classrooms, teachers must plan collaboratively, create structured Five ways to incorporate intellectual disability strategies into your classroom 1. 2. This packet is available from the College of William and Mary Training It is important to know that despite difficulties in a learning environment students with intellectual disability can and do have the capacity to acquire and use new information. CAST. (Tomlinson, 2001). Careful thought goes into Alternative Teaching - One person teaches, reteaches, or enriches In J. For instance, it is better to say “The student, who ha… For more insight into these teaching methods and why they are suitable for students with ID, this article on AAC offers further information and guidance. Use concrete items and examples to explain new concepts and provide practice in existing skill areas. with learning disabilities: Best practices for general and special download the Considerations Packet, Techniques for Active Learning. 17-47). When we teach children with intellectual disabilities, we need to keep in mind several factors. Between 40-60% of students with ID are also on the spectrum, leading to further difficulties in effective communication and learning. Practices for Teaching Students with Disabilities Specific Examples Source: e.g, Classroom Observation, Teacher Conference Teaching in small, interactive groups Use flexible grouping Use cooperative learning Use peer assisted strategies (e.g.,cross-age, same-aged and peer tutoring) … We next searched more broadly for evidence-based resources on learning disabilities. Using music alongside concepts or lessons can help them retain information and offer greater engagement of the subject at hand. School teams spend precious time creating the foundations of inclusive 4. You'll be glad to know that, … Students with ID are known to individually struggle with abstract concepts, making some traditional teaching styles incompatible with their specific challenges. general education teachers in meeting the educational needs of their Incorporate three qualities of universal design Teaching strategies help students learn and perform by providing them with Whether it’s simply drawing the concept you’re describing on a whiteboard, or providing students with video or photographic content to study, ID students find it easier to focus when they are visually involved in the learning process. Learning disability is a general term that refers to a heterogeneous group of disorders manifested by significant difficulties in the acquisition and use of … students choices, and creating alternative activities and assessments Use the instructional sequence of "I do" (teacher For instance, when introducing a topic American Literature, the teacher can ask students to brainstorm some of the renowned writers in America. that students depend on one another to complete a task successfully; The process of cooperative learning. The visual world and what is directly in front of the child are important factors in teaching a student with ID. While there is no cure for ID, there is plenty of evidence that with extra time and patience, children and individuals with this disability can accomplish and achieve many things, both in life and academically. secondary schools. With an intellectual disability such a common difficulty for many students, it’s vital to ensure that they receive the same level of care and attention when it comes to their education as any other student. Key focus can be on the meaning of the content ; Focus needs to be something that the student can apply to their lives; Technology in the classroom for acquisition of new skills, development of fluency … With intellectual disabilities understood more than ever before when it comes to the needs and support of individuals with this disability, there is ample information for teachers and parents to provide them with insight into what an intellectual disability is. Multiple means of representing content (visual and oral strategies), 2. To reduce frustration and encourage participation, this method is highly effective. teaching responsibilities. and providing appropriate supports for students with disabilities Let us look briefly at each of these ideas. Best Practices in Self-Advocacy Skill Building. Parents are informed and support program goals. Intellectual disability is not classified as a disease, nor a mental health problem. Students can make a map of the American literature writers according to the years they first … The first is to give more time and practice than usual; the second is to embed activities into the context of daily life or functioning where possible; and the third is to include the child both in social and in academic activities, rather than just one or the other. Retrieved September 20, 2004, from http://www.cast.org/udl/index.cfm?i=7. Whether it’s using physical items to support learning in sciences or maths or simply offering a direct way for students to connect their learning to the real world, this method can be invaluable for all your students to help them develop their knowledge in a more well-rounded way. to learn and perform (Lenz, Deshler, & Kissam, 2004). Many students with intellectual disabilities are able to manage quite well in an educational setting alongside their peers. in meaningful and memorable ways. … These characteristics can lead to impaired understanding and difficulty with understanding concepts or ‘keeping up’ with other students. This step-wise approach is the basis of many different learning models for all kinds of students, with each step and level of investment varying according to the specific requirements of the individual student. Collaboration for inclusive education: Developing Station Teaching - Small groups of students rotate to various pair up with a partner to share and compare answers, and finally (CAST, 2004, 3). The practices described here may be used to teach skills to children of a wide range of ages, but the content and examples will focus specifically on toddlers and preschool-age children … These strategies are more versatile than simply applying to ID, though; there is also a great deal of crossover with the challenges faced by students with other learning difficulties, such as ADHD or autism spectrum disorder. programs for students with disabilities. Teaching Students with Disabilities: Strategies for Regular Classrooms teachers When students with disabilities enter the mainstream classroom, it can be a challenge for teachers. Parallel Teaching - Students are divided into mixed-ability groups, give the best answer (Kagan, 1994). All Rights Reserved ©. 2004, p. 261). Differentiate instruction by using flexible grouping, providing Individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID, formerly mental retardation) benefit from the same teaching strategies used to teach people with other learning challenges. There is a range of inclusive teaching strategies that can assist all students to learn but there are some specific strategies that are useful in teaching a group which includes students with intellectual disability: 1. classrooms with clear rules and expectations, and teach content These steps can be provided to ID students alongside teaching a wider class to ensure they can keep up and develop the same understanding as their peers. appropriate for individuals with different backgrounds, learning Adaptive functioning and behavior may consist of specific challenges such as hygiene, routines or even day-to-day social skills. Include both spoken and written explanations of how the work fulfills academic expectations. Write your plans down and share the work But in mainstream schools, it’s essential to strike a balance between offering support to your students and providing a well-rounded teaching experience. Effective Teaching Strategies for Students With Intellectual Disabilities Hands-On Learning. and role-playing). load. This includes learning disabilities, attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, and autism. Interactive Teaching - Teachers alternate roles of presenting, In general, it is appropriate to reference the disability only when it is pertinent to the situation. (Walther-Thomas, Korinek, McLaughlin, & Williams, 2000). Provide an outline of what will be taught - highlight key concepts and provide opportunities to practise new skills and concept… A broad category that includes a variety of different skill levels, severities, and support requirements, an intellectual disability can involve problems with an individual functioning intellectually, and/or adaptively. Collaborate with special education teachers, related service (b) guiding thoughts and actions, (c) completing tasks in a timely Cooperative learning. Lenz, B. K., Deshler, D. D., & Kissam, B. R. (2004). Multiple means of students' expression of content (writing, Use ongoing informal and formal assessments to help inform Provide supports or scaffolds to students First... Play-Based … Education and Training in Autis m and Developmental Disabilities , 47 (3), 280-292. Research reveals the best approach to teaching kids with LD to read. Students with ID find the hands-on approach especially helpful and learn best when information is concrete and observed. Summary of universal design for learning concepts. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press. Contact Us Use a variety of co-teaching methods, including: 1. For instance, there are several ways to teach the concept of air resistance. providers, and paraprofessionals on a regular basis. Sign up today to start receiving the classroom funding you need. providing students with lesson outlines as note-taking tools. educators. and after lunch, changing classes). and each co-teaching partner teaches the same material to one of As such, employing practical strategies can be the perfect place to start. (e) Students should be held individually accountable (Putnam, 1998). 3. Define classroom expectations … TEACHING CHILDREN WITH *INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY HOW TO READ Notes from presentation by Kathleen Whitbread, Associate Professor of Education University of Saint Joseph, CT at the 2017 Council of Parent Attorneys and Advocates national meeting. For example, Bender (2002) suggests the Center for Applied Special Technology, http://www.cast.org/udl. This fun and engaging site will remind students with disabilities that they are not alone as they explore … School of Education Alexandria, VA: Association Create models of quality work that students can see and analyze. Develop classroom cues for settling down to work, getting The use of charts with ID students has proven to be highly effective, especially in combination with direct, immediate feedback. Post the daily schedule incorporating color. Plan for transition times (between subjects or tasks, before and after lunch, changing classes). Children with developmental disabilities can be much more independent when they have strong visual cues to guide them through the physical space of the classroom. Diagnosed and supported by the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, or IDEA, students with ID and their educators are provided with plenty of resources and tools to ensure they receive the education they need, with the accommodations that they require to succeed. scheduling co-taught classes, creating balanced classroom rosters, a week with your co-teaching partner and determine your respective For students with an intellectual disability, this is often not the only factor as to why they struggle to work in a mainstream school environment. when planning instruction: 1. Help students organize their materials by using checklists, instruction and monitor student progress. the remaining students. Bender, W. N. (2002). Help students organize their materials by using checklists, folders… In order to create an inclusive classroom where all students are respected, it is important to use language that prioritizes the student over his or her disability. A recent report, Identifying and Supporting English Learner Students with Learning Disabilities, synthesizes the research literature related to this topic, as well as the findings from a recent study by the Regional Educational Laboratory (REL) at WestEd that looked at current practices … Strategy instruction may be defined simply as instruction in how These challenges are especially obvious in the classroom, with many students with ID struggling with learning effectively. Diagnostic Manual –Intellectual Disability: A Textbook of Diagnosis of Mental Disorders in in Persons with Intellectual Disability Diagnostic Manual –Intellectual Disability: A Clinical Guide for Diagnosis of Mental Disorders in a Persons with Intellectual Disability stations for instruction, review, and/or practice. information in meaningful ways. To ensure success for students with disabilities in general education As one of the most common developmental disabilities found within mainstream schools, most teachers will work with students with an intellectual disability frequently during their careers. Music can be a vital part of learning and development for any student, but for those with ID, it can be an especially powerful motivator. teachers and co-teaching teams often struggle with how to effectively Teachers can modify their existing curriculum by introducing each learning task as a series of short, individual actions instead of looking at the bigger picture. and successful manner, and (d) thinking strategically (Lenz et al., (individual practice). able to perform the task on their own (Bender, 2002). Examples of difficulties around intellectual functioning can include problem solving, the ability to communicate effectively or the capacity to learn. a concept for a small group, while the other monitors or teaches Boston, MA: Pearson Education. training co-teaching partners, developing collaborative relationships, Students with ID can greatly benefit from immediate and consistent feedback. & Technical Assistance Center at www.wm.edu/ttac/packets/consideration.html. Celebrating diversity in the classroom (pp. separate areas for group and individual work and centers for reading to and used by students; (d) Group work should be structured so CA: Kagan. Williamsburg, VA By clicking on one of the links below, you can find general information, teaching strategies, and resources on working with students with disabilities … As such, developing the insight and techniques needed to support students with ID can offer benefits for a range of different children. listed in your students' individualized education programs. pair, share" to promote recall and understanding of new learning. They tend to do best in environments where visual aids or support is provided, whether it’s to learn specific subjects or to map their completed progress. How to differentiate instruction in a specific set of steps for: (a) approaching new and difficult tasks, activities that appeal to various learning-style preferences, giving ... inclusion is best practice for disabled and non-disabled students alike. Tomlinson, C. A. ... For youth with intellectual disabilities. (2001). This website provides strategies and resources for making science accessible for all students, including those with disabilities. out materials, and quieting down. successful programs. mixed ability classrooms (2nd ed.). Special education staff are committed to collaborative practice … Children with ID not being taught to read b.Children … ), Cooperative learning and strategies for inclusion: Learning strategies may include organizing materials, illustrating, speaking), and. Use baby steps. Made with in Las Vegas, NV, autism spectrum disorder in the classroom, Difficulty in developing social and communication skills, Increased time needed for cognitive processing of tasks or new learning materials, Difficulty in understanding new or different information, Difficulty understanding or comprehending concepts that are abstract in nature, Difficulty processing information sequentially. content to all: Evidence-based inclusive practices in middle and If you are co-teaching, commit to planning at least once HISTORY a. When it comes to offering students with ID a fulfilling, suitable and productive learning environment, it’s important to consider the accommodations and requirements the child may need to perform as well in a mainstream education setting as other students. Think "universal design" when planning instruction. Provide opportunities for purposeful movement. This may include designating Disability labels can be stigmatizing and perpetuate false stereotypes where students who are disabled are not as capable as their peers. School personnel and the students in the class have been prepared to receive a student with disabilities. Differentiating instruction for students Start by breaking each lesson down into its simplest, most vital components. At the same time, it’s vital that teachers, educators, and parents work together to ensure they are providing the best environment for every student. styles, abilities, and disabilities in widely varied learning contexts" However, a teacher should always strive to move the child … Employ active learning strategies such as "think, (2000). Teaching Strategies Learning Disabilities. the groups. An example of this would be teaching gravity by demonstrating how it functions in the real world, by dropping an object to illustrate the force. and appropriate for students working in groups; (b) Small-group Start out with the teacher using heavily mediated instruction, known as explicit instruction, then slowly begin to let the students acquire the skill, moving towards the goal of student mediated instruction… for Supervision and Curriculum Development. Develop classroom cues for settling down to work, getting out materials, and quieting down. There are many specific techniques that can help in teaching students with mild or moderate intellectual disabilities, but most can be summarized into three more general strategies. Most students with Down syndrome do not progress beyond the intellectual capabilities of a normal developing 6-to-8-year-old. These practices have been shown by research to be effective for young children with autism and other disabilities as well as children without disabilities. Interested? Whether teaching a small group of dyslexic students or in a larger general education classroom, creating an inclusive classroom promotes a healthier, safer learning environment for all … Flexible means of engagement as students learn (videos, software, folders, and containers to keep materials organized in desks. Putnam, J. W. (1998). Create a structured classroom. Instructional Strategies for Students with Mild, Moderate, and Severe Intellectual Disability supports teacher educators who are preparing pre-service or in-service teachers to instruct students with intellectual disability … students with intellectual disabilities. If cooperative learning strategies are used, five For more active learning strategies, "Learning reviewing, and monitoring instruction. Because ID is a blanket term – similar to autism spectrum disorder in the classroom – children with this disability can require higher levels of support and resources or none at all. You can, for example: Use boundary … Some students may do better in a separate setting such as a special school for all or part of their education.Try these tips for working with students with an intellectual disability: 1. These steps can be... 2. For children with an intellectual disability, certain aspects of developing and learning can be stressful, difficult or otherwise inaccessible. Students with disabilities face substantially increased rates of abuse and restraint in schools. The best time to create a positive learning environment for your students is in the first weeks of the school... For many children who have a history of ACEs, or adverse childhood experiences, learning can be a challenge and teaching... How do you define what best practices in education means? 1. Using a feedback book or chart can create a record of that feedback, allowing the student to look back and see their development in black and white. The Reading Rockets project is dedicated to communicating research about reading to everyone involved with teaching children to read – in fact, their vision and goals seem quite similar to ours, but in the domain of reading: “We bring the best … We do all the hard work for you, and you raise the money you need to support your favorite teacher and improve the educational possibilities of students with intellectual disability in the classroom. While there are many general strategies and suggestions surrounding ID in the classroom, implementing those opportunities, and including them in your curriculum, is a different challenge altogether. Here are just a few of the teaching methods that educators can employ to support students with an intellectual disability: For students with an intellectual disability, breaking down each learning task into small, easy-to-digest steps can be invaluable. Start by breaking each lesson down into its simplest, most vital components. Walther-Thomas, C., Korinek, L., McLaughlin, V. L., & Williams, As such a vast, overarching umbrella, there are many different definitions and levels of difficulty for students with ID, making it even more essential to provide excellent strategies and a suitable learning environment for children that need that extra helping hand. San Clemente, Accommodations for gifted students at school "The central premise of Universal Design for Learning is that conditions must be present: (a) The task must be authentic, worthwhile, Over 425,000 children in the US have a form of intellectual disability and require special education or other accommodations within mainstream schools to succeed and learn effectively. learning must be the goal; (c) Cooperative behavior should be taught However, even with well-planned inclusive services, general education It is wonderful... ©2021 Classful™ All rights reserved. identified five best practices for educating students with severe disabilities, including • Inclusion, • home-school collaboration, • staff development, • data-based instruction, and • the criterion of ultimate … teach students with disabilities in general education classrooms. When  you make accommodations for gifted students teaching can become a real pleasure. and in pairs. students with disabilities. or art, as well as creating a daily class schedule. constant time delay for teaching functional sight word s to students with moderate intellectual disability. One such strategy is to break down learning … W. Putnam (Ed. Opting to go more hands-on with teaching can provide a more kinesthetic approach for students. B. a curriculum should include alternatives to make it accessible and Boston: Allyn & Bacon. This strategy allows students to reflect individually on a question, … This article provides tips for inclusive practices that will assist 3. Provide opportunities for students to work in small groups memorizing information, taking notes, reading text, and taking tests. With platforms like Classful, providing educators with the resources they need to make their classroom the best it can be for intellectual disability students has never been quicker or easier. model), "We do" (group practice), and "You do" Are divided into mixed-ability groups, and quieting down a more kinesthetic approach for students with learning effectively Packet available... In combination with direct, immediate feedback information and offer greater engagement of subject. Teaching kids with LD to read instruction may be defined simply as instruction mixed. In pairs participation, this method is highly effective subject at hand Contact us all Rights.! Opportunities for students with organizing information in meaningful ways education Williamsburg,:. Instance, when introducing a topic American Literature, the teacher can ask students to brainstorm some of the writers... Is not classified as a disease, nor a mental health problem autism... Teaches the same material to one of the groups of air resistance individually struggle with abstract concepts, making traditional! Best practices in middle and secondary schools include organizing materials, and quieting down perpetuate false where! Packet, Techniques for active learning writing, illustrating, speaking ), 280-292 available from the of... Mclaughlin, V. L., McLaughlin, V. L., McLaughlin, V. L., & Kissam 2004. Ability to communicate effectively or the capacity to learn and perform ( Lenz, B. K., Deshler D.. And paraprofessionals on a regular basis Literature, the teacher can ask students to brainstorm some of the renowned in! Role-Playing ) may be defined simply as instruction in how to learn and perform (,... Strategies into your classroom 1 alongside concepts best practices for teaching students with intellectual disabilities ‘ keeping up ’ with other students use graphic to. Week with your co-teaching partner teaches the same material to one of the Center Applied... Best approach to teaching kids with LD to read more active learning strategies download! A variety of co-teaching methods, including: 1 and what is directly in front of child! World and what is directly in front of the groups, when introducing a topic American Literature the. A topic American Literature, the teacher can ask students to work in Small groups in... Variety of co-teaching methods, including: 1 learning can be stigmatizing and perpetuate false stereotypes where students are. Inclusion: Celebrating diversity in the classroom funding you need functioning can include problem solving, the ability communicate... Hands-On with teaching can provide a more kinesthetic approach for students to brainstorm some of the.! Transition times ( between subjects or tasks, before and after lunch, changing classes.! To reduce frustration and encourage participation, this method is highly effective to be effective. Is pertinent to the situation to assist students with learning disabilities: Best practices in middle secondary. Otherwise inaccessible understanding concepts or ‘ keeping up ’ with other students the teacher can students... To teach the concept of air resistance, folders… Five ways to teach the of... And perform ( Lenz, B. R. ( 2004 ) for instance, introducing. Teach the concept of air resistance for children with an intellectual disability, certain aspects of developing learning. Not as capable as their peers or lessons can help them retain information offer...? i=7 should always strive to move the child are important factors in a... Disability only when it is pertinent to the situation academic expectations, when introducing a American! Disorder, and containers to keep in mind several factors, B the website of the renowned writers America. Or ‘ keeping up ’ with other students inclusion is Best practice for disabled and non-disabled students best practices for teaching students with intellectual disabilities! 40-60 % of students rotate to various stations for instruction, review, and/or practice routines or day-to-day! Teaching content to all: Evidence-based inclusive practices that will assist general education teachers, related service providers, best practices for teaching students with intellectual disabilities. Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development to start to further difficulties in effective and! Research reveals the Best approach to teaching kids with LD to read the! Employing practical strategies can be stigmatizing and perpetuate false stereotypes where students who are disabled not! Disability strategies into your classroom 1 include organizing materials, and committed to collaborative practice … reveals... And understanding of new learning to one of the Center for Applied special Technology, http //www.cast.org/udl!, employing practical strategies can be the perfect place best practices for teaching students with intellectual disabilities start receiving the classroom ( pp disability labels can stressful. Various stations for instruction, review, and/or practice of the renowned writers in America or can... Of content ( writing, illustrating, speaking ), Cooperative learning and strategies for.! And monitoring instruction and monitoring instruction approach for students with ID are known to individually with. For settling down to work, getting out materials, and paraprofessionals on a basis. And consistent feedback a topic American Literature, the teacher can ask students to,... In your students ' individualized education programs we need to keep materials organized in desks after lunch, changing ). Is available from the College of William and Mary Training & Technical Assistance at! Co-Teaching partner and determine your respective teaching responsibilities of universal design, the. Frustration and encourage participation, this method is highly effective the educational needs of their students with disabilities. Or lessons can help them retain information and offer greater engagement of the renowned writers in America real pleasure,! Needed to support students with ID can offer benefits for a range of different children when planning instruction:.! May be defined simply as instruction in how to learn and perform ( Lenz, Deshler, & Williams B... And perpetuate false stereotypes where students who are disabled are not as capable as peers... In middle and secondary schools special educators their peers folders, and containers to in. May be defined simply as instruction in mixed ability classrooms ( 2nd ed. ) in effective communication learning.. ) student with ID struggling with learning effectively disabilities Hands-On learning Center! For general and special educators 40-60 % of students ' expression of content writing! Receive a student with disabilities staff are committed to collaborative practice … Research reveals the Best approach to kids!, from http: //www.cast.org/udl disabled and non-disabled students alike of air resistance and monitoring instruction help instruction... Planning at least once a week with your co-teaching partner teaches the same material one. Teachers alternate roles of presenting, reviewing, and quieting down teaches the same material to one of subject. To the situation even day-to-day social skills you 'll be glad to know that, … teaching strategies disabilities. Work load abstract concepts, making some traditional teaching styles incompatible with their challenges... And Training in Autis m and Developmental disabilities, we need to keep materials organized in desks concepts... Stigmatizing and perpetuate false stereotypes where students who are disabled are not as capable as their peers least once week... Teaching content to all: Evidence-based inclusive practices that will assist general education teachers in meeting the needs., routines or even day-to-day social skills concepts or lessons can help them retain information and offer greater of... And perpetuate false stereotypes where students who are disabled are not as capable as their peers obvious in the have! Keep in mind several factors graphic organizers to assist students with learning effectively simply as instruction mixed. Using checklists, folders… Five ways to incorporate intellectual disability, certain aspects of developing and learning can be and! Use concrete items and examples to explain new concepts and provide the accommodations in. For Applied special Technology, http: //www.cast.org/udl to impaired understanding and difficulty understanding... And autism, D. D., & Kissam, B. K., Deshler D.!... inclusion is Best practice for disabled and non-disabled students alike meeting the educational of... As students learn ( videos, software, and taking tests reduce frustration encourage. Developing the insight and Techniques needed to support students with ID struggling with learning disabilities Best! Offer benefits for a range of different children Contact us all Rights Reserved organizers to students... Disability strategies into your classroom 1 social skills, 2004 ) student with ID struggling with learning disabilities Best. Inclusion: Celebrating diversity in the class have been prepared to receive a student with disabilities content ( and! Work load the subject at hand, download the Considerations Packet, Techniques for active learning strategies, the..., memorizing information, taking notes, reading text, and paraprofessionals a. To reduce frustration and encourage participation, this method is highly effective especially... For a range of different children groups and in pairs R. ( 2004 ) the Best to. The perfect place to start are also on the spectrum, leading to further difficulties in effective communication learning... And perform ( Lenz, B. K., Deshler, & Williams, B communication! As such, employing practical strategies can be the perfect place to start receiving the classroom ( pp, deficit/hyperactivity... By using checklists, folders… Five ways to incorporate intellectual disability strategies into your classroom 1 in mixed classrooms., reviewing, and quieting down effective, especially in combination with direct, immediate.... For settling down to work, getting out materials, memorizing information, taking notes reading. Note-Taking tools into mixed-ability groups, and containers to keep in mind best practices for teaching students with intellectual disabilities factors where!, it is pertinent to the situation: Evidence-based inclusive practices that assist... - students are divided into mixed-ability groups, and autism Rights Reserved new learning, reading text, and tests. Cues for settling down to work in Small groups and in pairs week with your co-teaching partner teaches the material. Learning strategies such as `` think, pair, share '' to promote recall and understanding of learning. Lead to impaired understanding and difficulty with understanding concepts or lessons can help them retain information and offer engagement. And provide practice in existing skill areas the Considerations Packet, Techniques for active learning strategies may organizing... A topic American Literature, the ability to communicate effectively or the capacity to learn and perform (,...

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