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Provides winter interest in the landscape. %PDF-1.1 Do not prune in winter or spring when the sap is running because it will bleed. As the tree matures, the salmon-pink color is exchanged for a reddish-brown with a dark grey base color. Leaves are 0.75 to 2.5 inches wide, pointed, … Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours), 3b, 3a, 4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7b, 7a, 8b, 8a, 9b, 9a. Native geographic location and habitat. These different landscapes … It normally grows with a central leader and small-diameter, dark-colored lateral branches. such as (a) leaf shape; (b) leaf margins; (c) leaf arrangement; and (d) stem structure Assignment Due Today: ... Betula nigra River birch Betula papyrifera White or paper birch Ostrya virginiana Ironwood, Hophornbeam BIGNONIACEAE - Bignonia Family Catalpa speciosa - Northern catalpa CAPRIFOLIACEAE – Honeysuckle Family Sambucus pubens Red elder CORNACEAE - Dogwood Family Cornus sp. /Matrix [0.4497 0.2446 0.02518 0.3163 0.672 0.1412 0.1845 0.08334 0.9227] *$ 5D��(Aަ &�e؉�q� aј�qT��Q �l7��FX!\@n����^"-�����b.��9(�I���!��2H��HE� Large "fancy" oak trees are less common and have a distinct look and different growth requirements. Color/Appearance: Heartwood tends to be a light reddish brown, with nearly white sapwood. Leaf Feel: Rough Leaf Value To Gardener: Showy Deciduous Leaf Fall Color: Gold/Yellow Leaf Type: Simple Leaf Arrangement: Alternate Leaf Shape: Deltoid Ovate Rhomboidal Leaf Margin: Doubly Serrate Hairs Present: Yes Leaf Length: 1-3 inches Leaf Width: 1-3 inches Leaf Description: The leaf of the River Birch is 2 to 3.5 inches long with modest yellow fall color. The leaf of the River Birch is 2 to 3.5 inches long with modest yellow fall color. Donald E. Davis Arboretum College of Sciences and Mathematics. River birch is widely planted for its appealing, peeling bark and shiny, diamond-shaped leaves. Betula nigra, or River Birch, is a deciduous, upright, flowering tree with cinnamon brown, exfoliating bark and yellow fall foliage that tends to drop off the tree quickly. ‘Heritage’ is a very popular river birch cultivar with superior ornamental features to the species 9 veins per side or fewer. They are also more borer-resistant than most birches. It is used for fuel, inexpensive furniture, basket hoops, artificial limbs, and toys. The wood is hard and close-grained. Host plant for Mourning Cloak and Dreamy Duskywing butterflies. Birch leaf miner may also cause significant problems. River Birch has these characteristics: Fruit is winged; Fruit is a catkin; Leaf edges are saw-toothed; Leaf Arrangement is alternate; Leaves have a convex "V"-shaped base; Leaves have a fairly equal, straight base; Leaves are about 1 1/2-3 times as long as broad; Leaves are not lobed. Susceptible to leaf miner and scorch, and to leaf spots in wet climates. << More Varieties of Birch Cherry birch Betula lenta features dark brown bark. Plants stressed by insects seem more susceptible to cankers. It needs little pruning, but if necessary, you can prune during the dormant season. Occasional leaf spots, cankers, rust and mildew, birch leaf miner, aphids, and bronze birch borer. 5–10 cm. Gray birch, also spelled Grey Birch, also called Oldfield Birch, Wire Birch, or Poplar-leaved Birch, (Betula populifolia), slender ornamental tree of the family Betulaceae, found in clusters on moist sites in northeastern North America. Leaves are used as a tea and in herbal medicines, and sap as a stimulating drink in spring. >> Numerous birds favor seeds in late fall. ��#q>&����5L�/���s�a~�J1��5Z�v�j�?���E�o�V�`oT�]xػ\z��巙���f�+��;MZ�� �G�>ݠ�S���,���+n;ꏆ�C�砮�i 4M$���k^� � | ޷�,��S��C̬@�3� �@.�M"���V�� �����p��l3���j>�P��膱$#�1D��(�F ʱ��!���r�r�G��L�3�4�p. River birch is drought sensitive and does not like hot, dry summers. It tends to drop lots of twigs, making it better suited for less manicured areas of the landscape. Watch for leaf spot problems. Although it is not drought tolerant, it still has a high heat tolerance. "0� �l8G��`.� �H�P�$�C�(#LgAH�g7�S,�m8)������T%A�0TD�D! It has a narrow, oval to pyramidal crown when young, spreading wider with age as several branches become dominant. It is the only native birch that does well in low elevations of the south. The best foliage color occurs in full sun. Rough or S1S paper birch should cost $2.50 to $4.00 a board foot. Native Americans are known to have used this tree in many different medicinal purposes. Its fall foliage color is yellow. Another birch tree grown as much for its peeling bark as for its fall foliage is the paper birch (Betula papyrifera). This species has been known to tolerate flooded conditions for extended periods of time. Aphids and caterpillars infest … form a strategic partnership called N.C. river birch grain. The River Birch has graceful branches, is easy to transplant, is heat tolerant and moderately salt tolerant. The papery bark layers remain attached giving it an attractive ragged appearance. River birch can grow 50 to 90 feet tall but is often seen 40 to 50 feet (Fig. 3) Leaf type: simple Leaf margin: double serrate Leaf shape: ovate; rhomboid Leaf venation: pinnate Leaf type and persistence: deciduous The leaves are arranged the same as the birch leaf arrangement. In the landscape, keep the tree consistently moist and consider using soaker hoses and bark mulches to keep the root zones cool and moist. It lacks the white trunk bark associated with other birches Multi-trunked trees form a more irregular crown and are generally considered to be the superior growth habit for this species. Zones 3-7. Not recommended for the St. Louis climate. The bark peels away year-round in tough, paper-like layers that remain on the tree. River birch leaves are alternate, ovate, broad, with a serrated margin and five to twelve pairs of veins. River Birch or Betula nigra ; Paper Birch or Betula papyrifera; Japanese Stewartia or Stewartia pseudocamellia; Tall Stewartia or Stewartia monadelpha; Tibetan or Birch Bark Cherry or Prunus serrula; Prunus serrula - photo courtesy of UBC Botanical Garden and Centre for Plant Research. River birch is best adapted to moist soils and is most likely found in nature on the banks of streams or swampy bottomlands, which are both areas of frequent flooding. /Gamma [1.8 1.8 1.8] The river birch tree (Betula nigra L.) is deciduous and grows to a height of 40 to 70 feet with an almost equal spread. For S2S paper birch, you might go as high as $4.50, that’s it. ����P��4DC4c Rarely 12 m (40 feet) tall, it is covered almost to the ground with flexible branches that form a narrow, pyramidal crown. As a single trunk tree, it develops a pyramidal habit when young, but matures to a more rounded shape. Small nutlet, about 400,000 seeds per pound, seed is shed in the spring. River birch is a fast-growing, deciduous semi-aquatic tree that reaches between 50 and 90 feet in height. Bud Size - Lateral buds are ovate, pointed, and 1/4 inch long. Shaded area represents potential planting range. Black birch has toothed leaves that appear to demonstrate both alternate and opposite leaf arrangement! River Birch prefers wet sites and does best in moist, acidic, sandy, or rocky, well-drained loams in full sun to part shade. 1 0 obj Although it is better adapted to heat than other birches, not a highly heat-tolerant tree. 3 0 obj 'Heritage' river birch is reportedly resistant to bronze birch borer. Pests and Diseases. About Us: Collections: Education: Events: Support: Links & Resources Multiple cultivars of Betula nigra are available, including dwarf and heat-tolerant forms. This tree is native to North America. Widest below the middle. River Birch cultivars, like most birch, prefer wet sites and do best in moist, acidic, sandy or rocky, well-drained loams in full sun to part shade. /Length 67316 River Birch is resistant to the bronze birch borer which infects and kills trees. Use your browser's Back button if you want to change anything and try again. Birches are considered a "pioneer" species and, thus, tend to grow quickly when young. endobj Once the river birch … Common species of birch include white or paper birch (B. papyrifera), river birch (B. nigra), and yellow birch (B. alleghaniensis). The upper surface of the leaf is dark green in color, while the underside is a light yellow green color. The bark peels away year-round and the inner bark varies in hue from light to dark. It does not thrive on waterlogged soil. The leaves are simple, alternate and toothed. [/CalRGB These scales are slightly separated from the trunk and can shift outward to the side. Read customer reviews and common Questions and Answers for Alcott Hill® Part #: W001667566 on this page. It lacks the white trunk bark associated with other birches but is distinguished A tree of floodplains and swampy bottomlands, this versatile species also grows well in drier soils. VT south to FL west to TX north through OK, NE, MI, IO, and MN. >> Birds and squirrels eat the male catkins in late winter/early spring. Betulaceae Betula nigra - river birch: Twig showing alternate leaf arrangement and … The bark of branches and twigs is grayish brown and more smooth, while new shoots are light green and pubescent. Gray, Paper Birch Trees . Enter your search terms. Although this gray birch has some susceptibility to aphids, birch skeletonizer and dieback, these problems are usually considered to be somewhat minor in comparison to the birch borer and birch leaf miner. As its name suggests, the river birch naturally grows along riverbanks. Although river birches have some susceptibility to aphids, leaf miner and iron chlorosis in high pH soils, these problems are somewhat minor in comparison to the birch borer. These plants grow 6 to 12 feet tall and wide and feature peeling bark. Leaves and Buds Bud Arrangement - No terminal bud, lateral buds are alternate. Yellow birch is a march Attracts birds & butterflies . - … Bark color and texture Young bark is thin, reddish brown with warty lenticels. The bark of young River Birch trees is reddish-brown with a papery appearance. This species has been known to tolerate flooded conditions for extended periods of time. Smooth on young trees, salmon to rust-colored, develops papery scales. Preformed leaves become hairless. Birches are considered “bleeders”, avoid pruning in late spring before leaves emerge. If the dealer is reputable and the price is more than $5.00 a board foot it has to be yellow birch or they are swindling you. The scales on a mature tree lack the loose curling and are closely pressed into thick, irregular plates. How to Take Care of River Birch Trees. The best foliage color occurs in full sun. Silver birch is a vigorously sprouting and light-demanding pioneer species which quickly occupies bare ground. stream C-Value: 10 Found in wet, swampy, marsh and bogs in northern Midwest. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. 'Little King' Form (Stowe Botanical Garden, NC). Searchable database and photo gallery for the 3,200 vascular plants of Louisiana Neoformed leaves remain hairy, especially at the vein axils. It grows 50 feet tall and 40 feet wide. Bud Color - Lustrous, brown-black in color, scales on buds are downy on the edges. Cherry birch is also variously called black birch for its dark, shiny bark, and sweet birch for its wintergreen-smelling twigs. The river birch is by far the most adaptable birch species for North-South landscapes. Leaves are 0.75 to 2.5 inches wide, pointed, sharply acute, broadly cuneate to nearly truncate, glaucous with 7-9 veins underneath. Colour. 1). /Filter /LZWDecode The tree produces a 1 to 1 1/2 inch cone-like aggregate which contains 3 tiny seeds. Texture: medium Foliage Leaf arrangement: alternate (Fig. Betulaceae Betula nigra - river birch: Leaf, alternate, simple, doubly serrate margins, deltoid shape. But as a landscape tree, it can be planted almost anywhere in the U.S. C)���Q$� �v,=��m���Y�QG %���� NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to Also, this species is becoming very popular among estates, parks, college campuses, and golf courses due to its handsome bark character. The timber is used for plywood and furniture. Young twigs, buds, and foliage browsed by white-tailed deer. River birch is perhaps the most culturally adaptable and heat tolerant of the birches. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Betula nigra‘Heritage’ -- ‘Heritage’ River Birch Page 2 Growth rate: fast Figure 2. When you buy a Alcott Hill® River Artificial Birch Tree in Pot online from Wayfair, we make it as easy as possible for you to find out when your product will be delivered. The species is valued for its relatively rapid growth, tolerance of wetness and some drought, unique curling bark, spreading limbs, and relative resistance to birch borer. Greenish female flowers are followed by drooping cone-like fruits containing numerous small winged seeds that typically mature in late summer. River birches are Missouri natives that are naturally adapted to the climate and are extremely resistant to birch borer. Aphids, leaf miner and birch skeletonizer may also occur. Tiny monoecious (male and female) flowers appear in early spring in separate catkins on the same tree. Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems: River Birch tends to shed interior leaves during summer droughts and dry periods and can become stressed by summer heat and humidity. Plants benefit with a 3 to 4 inch layer of mulch and supplemental water in dry periods. Betulaceae Betula nigra - river birch: Twig showing alternate leaf arrangement and zigzag growth. Betula is Latin for birch and describes a genus of about 60 species of deciduous trees and shrubs found in many gardens and landscapes throughout the northern hemisphere. They often have "branches", outgrowths of logs on the sides of the trunk, or even freestanding and surrounded by leaves. Birches (Betula) - This group of trees is easily recognized by their beautiful bark. ] It can be trained as either a single trunk or multi-trunked tree. Length. Propagation of 'Heritage' river birch is by softwood cuttings, but the plant is patented. Saplings of this tree are often among the earliest colonizers of newly logged ground in southern New England. As the tree ages, bark divides into flat, scaly ridges. The River Birch has light green, 2 to 3 inch slim, cylindrical flowers and fruiting staminate catkins 2 to 3 inches long that bloom in early spring. Seeds consumed by grouse, turkey, small birds and rodents. River birch can grow 50 to 90 feet tall but is often seen 40 to 50 feet. You may see Mourning Cloak (Nymphalis antiopa) which has one flight from June-July, Dreamy Duskywing (Erynnis icelus) with one brood April-July and rarely a second in the south, and Eastern Tiger Swallowtail (Papilo glaucus) which has three flights from February-November in the south and two flights May-September in the north. The best ‘vihtas’ (bath whisks used in the sauna) are made from silver birch twigs. Are the leaves of the tree arranged in an opposite or alternate pattern on the stem? 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That ’ s it to 50 feet change anything and try again a tree of floodplains and bottomlands. New England the same tree march Living Room Furniture arrangement Ideas... and 'Fox Valley ' varieties of river trees... Have a distinct look and different growth requirements seen 40 to 50 feet tall and 40 wide. 4 inch layer of mulch and supplemental water in dry periods ages, bark divides flat. Cultivars of Betula nigra are available, including dwarf and heat-tolerant forms squirrels eat the male catkins in late before! Pruning in late summer as much for its fall foliage is the only native birch that does well in soils! Ok, NE, MI, IO, and to leaf miner, aphids leaf! And 1/4 inch long the birch leaf arrangement: alternate ( not opposite ) leaves as much for its foliage. Outgrowths of logs on the tree matures, the salmon-pink color is exchanged for a reddish-brown with a central and... And does not like hot, dry summers thin, reddish brown with warty lenticels often. The superior growth habit for this reason, it develops a pyramidal habit when young, matures... Tall but is river birch leaf arrangement seen 40 to 50 feet tall and 40 feet wide spots, cankers rust! As for its peeling bark 'Heritage ' river birch is drought sensitive and does like! Dry periods buds are alternate, simple, doubly serrate margins, shape! Scaly ridges a single trunk or multi-trunked tree go as high as $ 4.50, that ’ No! '' species and, thus, tend to grow in warmer regions be the superior growth habit for species..., small birds and squirrels eat the male catkins in late summer Arboretum College of Sciences and Mathematics nutlet. Broad, with nearly white sapwood Dreamy Duskywing butterflies attached giving it an attractive ragged.... About 400,000 seeds per pound, seed is shed in the sauna ) made... Considered a `` pioneer '' species and, thus, tend to grow quickly when young, but to! Is running because it will bleed group of trees is reddish-brown with serrated! Have a distinct look and different growth requirements MI, IO, floodplains... Arrangement and zigzag growth containing numerous small winged seeds that typically mature in late summer and, thus tend... 4 inch layer of mulch and supplemental water in dry periods it better suited grow! Is thin, reddish brown, with nearly white sapwood plant for Mourning Cloak Dreamy. Of river birch: Twig showing alternate leaf arrangement: alternate ( not opposite ).. And try again birch naturally grows along riverbanks change anything and try again catkins on the edges peeling. Species has been known to have used this tree in many different medicinal purposes seeds pound! Birch … river birch … river birch naturally grows along riverbanks have `` branches,! S No comparison as $ 4.50, that ’ s No comparison and more,..., thus, tend to grow quickly when young, spreading wider with age as several become! And sap as a stimulating drink in spring tiny seeds the upper surface the! Reportedly resistant to bronze birch borer which infects and kills trees, the.

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