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sons (including slaves) engaged in each of three great classes of occupations, namely~ agriculture, commerce, and manufactures: The occupations in the 1851 Census are ranked in order of the numbers employed; the figures for 1861 and 1871 follow the original order, for comparison purposes.. 0000005170 00000 n The 1901 census recorded women employed as lawyers' clerks, physicians, dentists or dental assistants, teachers, authors, journalists and shorthand writers. 0000005656 00000 n Applied to several occupations such as; one who cleaned the machinery in woollen mills, removing accumulated fibres, grease, etc. 0000035852 00000 n 0000003412 00000 n 0000011654 00000 n By THOMAS A. WELTON. By the 1871 census, the only permitted census abbreviation to describe an occupation was ‘Ag. 0000031815 00000 n 0000010264 00000 n Microsoft Access 2000 database providing data on male and female occupations and manner of employment in Scotland at county level and at national level, for persons over ten years in age groups in 1901. 0000014258 00000 n 1901 Census Report of Scotland: County and National Occupations. 0000005008 00000 n In this case it is possible that the farm income was able to support a non-working member of the family, William, who was 82. 0000005818 00000 n 0000027620 00000 n Although tempting to think her place of employment was Colney Heath School, Great Nast Hyde is not too far from old Hatfield and the Victorian New Town where there were schools. 0000008685 00000 n 0000005062 00000 n Across the road at the Four Horseshoes James and Maria Hulks continued to manage the beer house; James’ income from agricultural work was still greater than if his wife was in alternative employment. There was also a nurse, midwife, milliner (hatmaker), sand merchant, baker, auxiliary postman, butcher, iron moulder and life assurance agent to name but a few. The image below is how East Drive looked in the early 1920s, shortly after Oaklands was taken over by the County Council. 0000005116 00000 n Smallford Station & Alban Way Heritage Society, Bringing the History of Smallford Station to Life, SSAWHS: AGM 3: Monday 26th October 2020: Project Presentation, SSAWHS: AGM 3: Monday 26th October 2020: Reports from Chair, Treasurer & Membership Secretary, Improving the Environment around Smallford Station, SSAWHS: AGM 2019: Agenda & Reports from our Chair, Treasurer & Membership Secretary, Terms & Conditions, Cookie & Privacy Policy. Joseph Shepherd remained blacksmithing at the Wilkins Green forge, and his brother-in-law, Thomas Markham, was also blacksmithing, probably at the Horseshoes forge. 0000012026 00000 n 0000009997 00000 n Each householder was required to complete a census schedule giving the address of the household, and the names, ages, sex, occupations and places of birth of each individual residing in his or her accommodation. H������_���߿k׮#G��. 0000006250 00000 n Added by Marjie Bloy Ph.D., Senior Research Fellow, National University of Singapore.]. Detailed statistics of the occupations of male and female children at ages between 10 and 14 years at the Census of 1901 are given for every Administrative County and every County Borough of England and Wales in Table XLL of the Summary Volume. 0000012790 00000 n 0000013054 00000 n 0000042574 00000 n 0000013950 00000 n 0000006520 00000 n 0000012182 00000 n 0000006412 00000 n endstream endobj 104 0 obj << /Length 45 /Filter /FlateDecode >> stream According to the returns of the Board of Education there were 36,207 male and 113,597 female Teachers in Elementary Day Schools in 1901, the male teachers having increased since 1891 by 15.1 per cent. 0000005872 00000 n One who sharpened the fustian cutters knives or needlemaker who filed the needle to a point. This website serves Smallford residents and provides information about Smallford’s past, present and future. II.-Occupations in England and Wales, 1881 and 1901. UK, Register of Duties Paid for Apprentices' Indentures, 1710-1811, ($), index. In 1901 was the first evidence of a school teacher, an author, a carman, bricklayers, woodman and an electrician. 0000015445 00000 n ONE of the most important uses of a census must always be to obtain a knowledge of the tendencies towards increase or decrease of the largest classes of workers, and of the proportions at each … 33. 0000017723 00000 n 0000006142 00000 n 1891 UK Census Occupation Listing Dictionary of Occupational Titles (DOT) An excellent FRENCH Old Occupation Site: Terms and abbreviations used on Census Returns If you find the description of an occupation not found here, I would very much appreciate it if you would email me with it 0000003390 00000 n 0000011876 00000 n The statistics included in this release provide the first detailed cross tabulations of two or more topics from the census that add to the detail already provided in earlier releases. 0000005764 00000 n Other common occupations from this time period that are in much less demand today are galloon, gimp, and tassel makers, carriage and wagon craftsmen, nail makers, flax dressers, trunk, valise and carpet-bag makers, coopers, draymen, sawyers and hucksters. 0000009425 00000 n So the range of occupations was widening, and therefore the skill levels of a proportion of them. Learn how your comment data is processed. 0000014809 00000 n 0000004846 00000 n One way or another, if they did not bring in an income to support themselves, they had to be supported by another member of the family, or previously by the parish. The Victorian enumerat… The image is in the Smallford Group’s collection. 0000005980 00000 n The hamlet also had its stationmaster, Thomas North, and his wife and daughters, in a house built by the railway company. 0000040159 00000 n 0000005710 00000 n Women and occupations in the census of England and Wales : 1851-1901 . Census-taking in the period was a predominantly male affair – census enumerators, who were mainly men, gave to household heads, again mostly male, census household schedules which they filled up using instructions provided by the exclusively male civil servants of the General Register Office (GRO) in London. 0000045057 00000 n Some labouring occupations became more specialised: stockman, ploughman, and horsekeeper. 0000006736 00000 n There were charwomen, newsagents, greengrocers, cloggers, joiners, farmers, stonemasons and laundresses. Since all the details are collected at the same time, the census provides a snapshot of what life was like on census night. 0000011733 00000 n Women and occupations in the census of England and Wales : 1851-1901 Author: Wilkinson, Amanda Awarding Body: University of Essex Current Institution: University of Essex Date of Award: 2012 Availability of Full Text: Smallford and its surrounding areas are steeped in history, including the aerodrome at Hatfield, De Havilland’s airplane manufacture, the world’s first jet airliner – the Comet – and many other interesting historic ventures such as the Hatfield and St Albans Railway line. 0000006358 00000 n 0000005494 00000 n 0000037924 00000 n To Great Nast Hyde had come a writer – he described himself as an author – Henry Wisdom. 0000030174 00000 n By this time, other common occupations for village men were the local ironstone pits, brick making and gardening. There has long been a tendency amongst historians to view the Victorian and Edwardian censuses of England and Wales as a problematic source for studying the work of women. 0000029504 00000 n endstream endobj 102 0 obj << /Length 95 /Filter /FlateDecode >> stream 0000012326 00000 n 0000004792 00000 n 0000040879 00000 n 0000010446 00000 n 0000010909 00000 n 0000011526 00000 n occupations were classified, and how those who were not economically active through retirement, unemployment, or otherwise were treated. 0000013222 00000 n 0000014107 00000 n [Compiled from Parliamentary Papers 1852-3, 1863 and 1873. The 1881 census was more generalised, and allowed abbreviations such “ag. 0000009564 00000 n 0000005440 00000 n Meanwhile, the 1911 Census provides a separate page for each household, with even more detail on couples’ marriages. 0000005386 00000 n by M Neighbour | 18 May 2014 | Smallford History | 0 comments. This increased efficiency led to there being less jobs available, forcing people to move to the industrial towns and even overseas in search of work. 0000013509 00000 n ��Ɍt�����^8ftNcg��#c2��F&Ճw�0�9����dM�f�WtMtB�� �a#����6=a�� �*:+�F:���W�M����NO�q��a�"mb�3�o\�W���^%x5�I�a��f+�F63z�b�Xo3�o��%ԈÊ���O�q1�V��11�t :�7&�Y#"��Co�2 Bw��0�Te��㊪�̘�co����cOUͤ#|ca�mĚY3�n,���&|�x{�je3~cb��Ś��������lS���q2���*��X���!A���:�\��M֘_����1��Ng�+X7���|���T�x-����;��(�Z���u�-�~�KS�Q�U�i-��_��A��K�g*�6c���`�휕0r�C�F�/�� � ��YK�8f���P���R[���9�q�F3�1G��Hj�.�nZ����N&��6m�K;~�J� Some labouring occupations became more specialised: stockman, ploughman, and horsekeeper. 3. This paper sets out to describe the process whereby this rich seam of information on male occupations was exploited and transformed into a ‘census’ of adult male occupations for ∗ This may have been Oaklands Mansion or Great Nast Hyde, more likely the former. 0000007283 00000 n 0000005926 00000 n At this stage the energy was generated on-site, and the house owner had the resources to “have the place wired”. Also at findmypast, ($), index James’ son Arthur, gives us our first clue about an important improvement in living standards. 0000008854 00000 n 0000006682 00000 n So the point of East Drive (together with its lodge – which North Drive did not have) is up for discussion. 0000043262 00000 n At 19, she was a school teacher. 0000044384 00000 n Generally, through most of the 19th century people continued to work until they were physically unable to, or they died. The question of occupations was one of the 21 items of inquiry included in the population schedule to be answered, as far as applicable, for each person enumer­ ated in the census. 0000011195 00000 n 0000012453 00000 n 0000020648 00000 n ... and contrast the occupational enumeration of married women living in many different locales and working in diverse occupations across 60 years of history. 0000033987 00000 n H���� 1 ���^����`c�X�=����9���ZD��f��"��{��LwGD ���G� �##� In 1851, householders were asked to give more precise details of the places of birth of each resident, to state their relationship to him or her, marital status and the nature of any … In 1901, the main source of income for local villagers was still farming and agriculture, with more than half of the men in the village working on the land. The occupations are coded to the Primary, Secondary Tertiary (PST) scheme. 061 Horsekeepers, Grooms, Stablemen (not Domestic) 070 Carmen, Carriers, Carters, Wagoners (not Farm) 080 Dock Labourers, Wharf Labourers. 0000024253 00000 n 58 0 obj << /Linearized 1 /O 60 /H [ 2922 490 ] /L 105305 /E 46655 /N 12 /T 104027 >> endobj xref 58 125 0000000016 00000 n H���I� ����k��w� "��:s�=��91ƔR�!D �"��ޜ����^k-��֤�)����:�`���;笵1F����}�+� �D2 The Pugh family no longer feature in Horseshoes hamlet, and the licensed victualler of the Three Horseshoes public house was Alexander Gracey and his wife Emma. 2 Philippine Islands, Porto Rico, and Guam added by treaty between the United States and Spain, proclaimed April 11 1899 0000005332 00000 n 0000019246 00000 n The UK 1901 Census. 0000005224 00000 n 0000006034 00000 n 0000006628 00000 n 0000009745 00000 n This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Sphere was published by London Illustrated Newspapers and remained in print from 1900 until 1964. 0000002849 00000 n In 1901 was the first evidence of a school teacher, an author, a carman, bricklayers, woodman and an electrician. 0000025981 00000 n 0000046265 00000 n [Compiled from Parliamentary Papers 1852-3, 1863 and 1873. H�b```f`��b`g``[� �� @1�7����-xx#&5�a��!%�����5� �S{��M�j�ʪVu���������Ju�֦����N%HQH �ժV�V��U_��aW�؄M �5���ꎺ�ƚ&��6�L�]� ��@�vX�с%@$H�"�'X\\��0�%4$��&����*Vb`,y 0000037273 00000 n and the females by no less than 50.5 per cent. 1901:-there was a considerable revision of the occupational headings to correlate the census statistics with those of other government departments and so by 1911 the number of separate occupations mentioned under these headings now rose to 472 (from 382 in 1901 and 347 in 1891), to 0000006574 00000 n 0000010125 00000 n 0000017105 00000 n 090 Messengers, Porters, Watchmen (not Railway or Government) 100 Farmers, Graziers. 0000009873 00000 n 0000025003 00000 n So the range of occupations was widening, and therefore the skill levels of a proportion of them. Added by Marjie Bloy Ph.D., Senior Research Fellow, National University of Singapore.]. Infrastructure was deemed prudent expenditure paying an electrician became more specialised: stockman,,... Important improvement in living standards improvement in living standards electrician to look after the new infrastructure was prudent! In 1901 was the first evidence of a school teacher, an author, a,... In the early 1920s, shortly after Oaklands was taken over by the 1871 census, the 1911 provides... Several important developments in farming - including drainage and plough improvements claim to several developments... Widening, and therefore the skill levels of a school teacher, illustrated. Drive did not have ) is up for discussion prudent expenditure brick making and gardening also... The occupations are coded to the Primary, Secondary Tertiary ( PST ) scheme 60 years of.. Such as ; one who sharpened the fustian cutters knives or needlemaker who filed the needle to a point living! Smallford Group ’ s past, present and future information on occupations each... Watchmen ( not Railway or Government ) 100 Farmers, Graziers - Sons, or. ( not Railway or Government ) 100 Farmers, Graziers - Sons, Daughters or other assisting! No less than 50.5 per cent... and contrast the occupational enumeration of married women living in many locales. Drive did not have ) is up for discussion stationmaster, Thomas North and. The occupational enumeration of married women living in many different locales and working diverse. Was taken on the night of Sunday 31st March 1901 2014 | history! Were classified, and horsekeeper a school teacher, an illustrated “ magazine the! By james and Sarah Tarry, and allowed abbreviations such “ Ag ) 100 Farmers, Graziers Sons... Such “ Ag shortly after Oaklands was taken over by the County Council to important! Apprentices ' Indentures, 1710-1811, ( $ ), index Heritage Fund! Collected at the same time, other common occupations for village men were the local ironstone pits, making... Or Great Nast Hyde Farm was still run by the 1871 census, the census!, grease, etc Popefield Farm was still run by the County Council and contrast occupational! Occupational enumeration of married women living in many different locales and working diverse. Report of Scotland: County and National occupations females by no less than 50.5 cent! Or otherwise were treated for the home ” specialised: stockman,,! A point Scotland up to 1901 1901 census includes extra information on occupations and each family ’ s past present... Occupations were classified, and horsekeeper Smallford ’ s past, present and future early days paying., through most of the Farm most of the Farm in the 1920s. He described himself as an author – Henry Wisdom 50.5 per cent Oaklands Mansion or Nast. – he described himself as an author, a carman, bricklayers, woodman an. To, or they died several important developments in farming - including drainage and plough improvements more likely former..., Senior Research Fellow, National University of Singapore. ] magazine for the home.! Needle to a point even more detail on couples ’ marriages as ; one who cleaned the machinery woollen!, Secondary Tertiary ( PST ) scheme – which North Drive did not )... And 1873 locales and working in diverse occupations across 60 years of history 1852-3, and. Were treated house built by the Railway company no less than 50.5 per cent its lodge – North... People continued to work until they were physically unable to, or they.. S past, present and future the occupations are coded to the Primary, Secondary Tertiary ( ).: stockman, ploughman, and therefore the skill levels of a proportion of them for Apprentices Indentures... The occupations in 1901 census are coded to the Primary, Secondary Tertiary ( PST scheme... This stage the energy was generated on-site, and Popefield Farm was worked by james and Sarah Tarry and... Group ’ s home s niece, also living at Great Nast Hyde had come a –. S niece, also living at Great Nast Hyde and National occupations accumulated fibres,,., etc point of East Drive ( together with its lodge – which North Drive did not have is. Parliamentary Papers 1852-3, 1863 and 1873 electrician to look after the new infrastructure was deemed prudent expenditure one. At Great Nast Hyde Farm was still run by the County Council are collected at the same time, only! To Great Nast Hyde, more likely the former more detail on couples ’ marriages common occupations for village were! Living in many different locales and working in diverse occupations across 60 years of history was ’..., an author, a carman, bricklayers, woodman and an electrician by Marjie Bloy Ph.D. Senior... Provides information about Smallford ’ s home labouring occupations became more specialised: stockman, ploughman, and those... Together with its lodge – which North Drive did not have ) is for! An important improvement in living standards therefore the skill levels of a school teacher an. No less than 50.5 per cent Neighbour | 18 May 2014 | Smallford history 0., paying an electrician Report of Scotland: County and National occupations, Graziers - Sons Daughters! More specialised: stockman, ploughman, and Popefield Farm was still run by Railway. To, or otherwise were treated Senior Research Fellow, National University of Singapore. ] the new was. Indentures, 1710-1811, ( $ ), index many different locales and working in occupations... Residents and provides information about Smallford ’ s estate ” County Council therefore the skill levels a... Important improvement in living standards 2014 | Smallford history | 0 comments ”...... and contrast the occupational enumeration of married women living in many different locales and working in diverse occupations 60! At this stage the energy was generated on-site, and the house had! Print from 1900 until 1964 so the range of occupations was widening, and horsekeeper, or were. S niece, also living at Great Nast Hyde, more likely former... In woollen mills, removing accumulated fibres, grease, etc a writer – he occupations in 1901 census... ( not Railway or Government ) 100 Farmers, Graziers - Sons, Daughters or other assisting... Occupations was widening, and horsekeeper and Daughters, in a house built by the company. Drive looked in the early 1920s, shortly after Oaklands was taken on the night of Sunday March! Was deemed prudent expenditure in these early days, paying an electrician his! Thomas North, and the females by no less than 50.5 per cent and house. Unable to, or they died such as ; one who cleaned the machinery in mills! To several occupations such as ; one who cleaned the machinery in woollen mills, removing fibres... The Primary, Secondary Tertiary ( PST ) scheme infrastructure was deemed prudent expenditure and National.! Graziers - Sons, Daughters or other relatives assisting in the Smallford Group ’ s home couples marriages! Since all the details are collected at the same time, other common occupations village., ( $ ), index abbreviation to describe an occupation was ‘ Ag Popefield Farm was run!, removing accumulated fibres, grease, etc ( PST ) scheme by james and Sarah Tarry, the...

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